Environmentally Sound

Environmentally Sound in Salford | Politics | The Earth Times

Energy Saving Light – Led Vs Cfl Compact Fluorescent Lamp

Are you looking for a way to save money and help save the planet, all at once? If you havent made the change yet, you should consider looking into alternative lighting sources for your home or business. Two important options to include in your research are compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) and light-emitting diodes (otherwise known as LEDs).

A compact fluorescent lamp is more frequently referred to as a compact fluorescent light or an energy saving light. It is designed to replace the incandescent bulbs that have been used for so long in households and businesses.

CFLs produce the same amount of light as incandescent light bulbs while using a smaller amount of power and having a significantly longer life. The CFLs last between 8 and 15 times longer than an incandescent bulb.

The most efficient way to maximize the lifetime of your CFLs is to allow them to stay on for an extended period of time. If you only use the CFL for small amounts of time, then you reduce the life of the bulb; you could even reduce it enough to effectively give it the life span of an incandescent bulb.

As an energy saver, CFLs use between 20-33% of the power that incandescent bulbs use. Additionally, there is a decrease in heating (the CFLs do not produce as much heat as incandescent bulbs). These two factors significantly decrease the energy that is necessary.

With these benefits, CFLs tend to cost more than your average light bulb. In the long term, however, the CFL bulbs will save the average user a significant amount of money.

What is the downside then? Well, CFLs contain mercury, a hazardous substance. Subsequently, there could be contamination in your home or business if a CFL breaks. There is potential for environmental contamination. Also, CFLs emit UV rays that could potentially be hazardous to your health.

An alternative, environmentally sound technology that is still being developed is LED lighting. LEDs have many of the same advantages that CFLs provide with less of the potential hazards.

LEDs offer more than 3 to 5 times the life of CFLs. This is 35 to 50 times the average life of an incandescent bulb. Like CFLs, LEDs are very low when it comes to emitting heat. As for efficiency, an LED outputs more light per watt than its incandescent counterpart.

LEDs also light up immediately when you turn them on and they do not burnout as a result of frequent turning off and on, as CFLs tend to do.

LEDS still need several improvements however. LEDs are very sensitive to voltage and therefore need specific adapters often. Additionally, the light quality produced by LEDs is not the same as incandescent bulbs. High quality LEDs still tend to outperform CFLs in this capacity though. Check out standardpcb.com for more information about PCBs, which are critical in the production of LEDs.

Whether you choose to purchase CFLs, LEDs, or some combination of both for your home or business, changing to these products is absolutely a good choice. You will save money in the long run and also contribute to lowering the use of resources and taking care of our planet.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What makes for environmentally sound furniture?
    What makes for environmentally sound furniture? What are good companies that sell it? Is hard wood or soft wood better? I need as much info or ideas as you can come up with.

    • ANSWER:
      Cane furniture (bamboo) is the best. Bamboo grows fast and can be replaced easily.

  2. QUESTION:
    what is the environmentally sound and simple way to clean soils inflicted with Nemat atode virus?atode virus?
    what is the environmentally sound and simple way to clean soils inflicted with nematode which causes plant roots to swell?

    • ANSWER:
      A simple rototilling, leveling of the area and applying clear plastic over the area works if the weather permitting is hot.
      The thermal activity heats the underlying soil to a temperature that kills them.
      repeat the steps a few times,

      Pheromones are an advanced option.

      http://web.entomology.cornell.edu/shelton/cornell-biocontrol-conf/talks/georgis.html.

  3. QUESTION:
    Does Spain support enhancement of environmentally sound technology?
    Economic advancement (transfer) for enhancing environmentally sound technology. Does Spain support this? If yes/no…then why? What is it doing to support/condemn this? And what is it further planning to support/condemn this ? Please answer. Facts and relevant sources needed.

    • ANSWER:
      If an EU grant is available in order to support and develop this technology, then yes, Spain would certainly be in favour of it.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is the most environmentally sound option for wrapping sandwiches- plastic wrap, or aluminum foil?
    I wonder because I have always used plastic wrap for keeping sandwiches fresh at work, and my girlfriend always uses aluminum foil. I think aluminum foil is cheaper (not absolutely sure), but I was curious which was more environmentally friendly-because that’s definitely what I want to do.

    • ANSWER:
      Acutally, both are poor “environmental” options!!! While plastic is a “bad word” when considering the environment, aluminum is no better if you aren’t able to recycle it when you’re done.

      Consider this: a reusable item like a tupperware container or use wax paper instead. Both will keep the sandwhich fresh, and wax paper is much better at this than plastic wrap or foil ever will be!

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there an environmentally sound way to get ants out of your kitchen?
    I tried cleaning with a vinegar and water solution and it didn’t work?

    • ANSWER:
      cinnamon, soda, comet,

  6. QUESTION:
    What is the best environmentally sound way of cleaning grimy collars?
    Is it just rubbing it with a bar of soap before putting in the wash – or is there something more effective?

    • ANSWER:
      Woo Hoo.. hand in air, hand in air…I know this one! Make a paste with water and Borax…..rub vigorously and wash! My husband has very dirty cuffs and collars on this shirts from his work, so I got through this regularly! Borax is the BEST, natural cleaner….good for cleaning your tub, toilet, SS sinks..andything that needs a mild abrasive. When cleaning the house, add a little lemon juice to the paste for a nice fresh smell! Nice you are thinking green!

      Lot’s of great tips on the show BBC..How Clean is Your House……

  7. QUESTION:
    Is there an environmentally sound way to dispose of old audio or video tapes?
    The casing is plastic, I know, but the tape itself is some kind of plastic with a metallic/chemical coating. Are there any organizations out there that recycle these?

    • ANSWER:
      GreenDisk of Redmond Washington

      http://www.greendisk.com/

      Although I think they charge.
      Well done for your public spirit.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are your ideas for a more environmentally sound Easter egg hunt?
    and cheaper, too…for kids, grandkids, or simply as decorations.
    Example: shredding pastel paper to use as grass in baskets instead of buying plastic grass

    OK to substitute any holiday that you celebrate.

    • ANSWER:
      just give them a normal empty basket to put the eggs in, they dont need fake grass

  9. QUESTION:
    We make environmentally sound products how do we reach the buyer?
    We are asking what will motivate people to search out safer chemicals such as cleaners and garden supplys. Is it government regulations or are there people out there searching for these products?

    • ANSWER:
      i worked once for distributor that represented a small company that obtained u.s. rights to a soil microorganism that was discovered in england and was researched by university of idaho and found significant agricultural applications to ward of soil diseases by becoming part of the plants root system. this was 11 years ago. a large chemical company and a large contributor to the university forced them to sell rights to the microorganism to their corporation west of texas, therefore giving them California. meaning they had the most environmentally progressive and largest market. they shelved the product. underfunded we struggled on for two years. the owner had to regretfully let us go. he is still hanging on to this day. the product is safe, i got testing started by organic farmers, nurseries, other universities, county agents, even a prison system but with little money it was to little or no avail and the product still not widely known. that is how it works.

  10. QUESTION:
    How to dispose of garbage in an environmentally sound way? ?
    ok so they sell those reusable bags at all the food stores so we use less plastic bags, because its bad to use so much plastic etc,
    but what is an effective environmentally safe way to dispose of our trash?

    if we just use brown bags, those leak and rip easily

    do they make a biodegradable plastic bag or something?

    • ANSWER:
      I think I’ve heard of biodegradable garbage bags, because lets be realistic, brown paper bags aren’t going to do the job. Nobody can avoid garbage but a good way to be environmental about it is to just cut down on it. Try to recycle as many things as possible, like tissue boxes, bottles, etc. Also, you can start composting things such as egg shells, banana peels, all that stuff. This will cut down drastically on the garbage you make. Good for you for wanting to be environmental! I hope I helped.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are some environmentally sound alternatives to cotton?
    Cotton production uses a lot of water and requires a lot of pesticides. Are there any ecological problems with synthetic fibers?

    • ANSWER:
      Some of the problems with synthetics are similar to those of other oil-consuming industries. Air pollution, waste, use of heavy metals, energy consumed to make them. The other problem with synthetics (which I don’t consider much a problem) is the time it takes them to decompose and what happens to the heavier elements woven into them. Cotton decomposes faster than these synthetics when it is thrown away. But it doesn’t matter much, because a cotton sweater will take atleast 1,000 years to decompose inside a modern landfill compared to your synthetic fleece which would take who knows how long.

      Anyway, it’s good to hear other people suggesting hemp, and even more so that people are informed of how environmentally devastating cotton production is.

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the best, environmentally sound, way to dispose of used batteries?

    • ANSWER:
      Throw them in a bonfire….

      Seriously though; the best thing is to recycle the batteries instead of disposing of them. The sources below have some good information about battery recycling.

      Without knowing what part of the country you are in it’s hard to be more specific.

  13. QUESTION:
    What’s a good environmentally sound investment strategy?
    I’m a young working computer professional with a growing investment portfolio. I take most of my financial adviser’s advice on what funds to pick, but he’s put a substantial amount of my investment money into Asian mutual funds. Given some the geopolitical issues with China and Chinese products (China’s growing military spending, North American trade deficits, China’s poor environmental policy, and a growing track record of unsafe/dangerous products — toothpaste, pet food, toys, etc, etc), I’ve gotten to the point where I consider holding these investments to be, at best, somewhat unethical. This is not a financially motivated question; It’s an ethical one. I would like some advice/guidance on what would be good investments into North American companies dedicated to developing the products and technology of greener future. I’m still looking for returns on my investments dollars, but I’d like to know I’m part of the solution, not the problem. What are the right investments for me?

    • ANSWER:
      You have a good point. Check out the sites listed below about some mutual funds with environmental investments holdings. There are many available, these are just a few to give you an idea of what is out there. Ask your financial adviser about them and let him know that you are interested in ethical investing.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it more environmentally sound to drive or fly across the country?
    As far as lbs of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere, is it better to drive coast to coast or to fly on a commercial jet?

    • ANSWER:
      fly

  15. QUESTION:
    Environmentally sound way of getting rid of miner bees, digger bees, ground bees?
    Alright, I’ve done my research. These bees are not yellow jackets, and they do not sting (even after mowing over them). I have never seen anything like it. They burrow into the ground, leaving behind a hole and a mound of dirt, kind of like an ant hill. The hole is about 1/4 inch diameter. There are literally hundreds of these holes and double the amount of bees swarming right in front of my house. People are afraid to approach the house (not a bad thing necessarily). We’ve dealt with this cycle for 3 years now and the numbers get bigger and bigger. My question is, how do I get rid of these things, without spraying insecticide, and or how would I contact someone who wants these things. Apparently they are very efficient pollinators. I live near a river (that dumps into the cheapeake bay) and have a baby, so I don’t want to throw poison everywhere.

    • ANSWER:
      I would kill one of the little buggers and bring it to a local outdoor/gardening store to adequately define what type of bee it is.

      A safe – nonpoisonous solution may be avaiable and they will drive you to it. There are natural “dust” products that cling to the bees and they carry them within their colony to kill them through various methods, like steralization. Boric acid dust is a nontoxic solution, as an example.

      I am pretty familiar with bees/wasps and have only seen the bumble bee or an odd wasp (sand wasps) in the manner you are speaking – though they sting.

  16. QUESTION:
    Brown one inch centipedes have invaded my garden. How do I in an environmentally sound way get rid of them?
    They seem to be an ambundance of them in the morning or on cloudy days. I have tried a product called trounce and it did nothing for them. I have sprayed vinegar on them to no avail. Your help & knowledge would be most appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      We use diatomaceous earth–it’s what some people use in their pool filters. It’s finely ground diatoms (tiny tiny sea creatures, trust me, they were dead already) and if you sprinkle it around your plants or the perimeter of your garden, etc. NOTHING will bother ANYTHING again!
      It slices and dices up the insects and they crawl home crying “hey, that garden cut us, man” and do not return.
      Or, if you can stand the truth–it CUTS THEM UP and they die.
      Anyway, you can buy D-earth at any pool store, or try Walmart.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is an environmentally sound way of getting Beavers to leave your trees alone?

    • ANSWER:
      Wrap your trees in chicken wire that way the beaver cannot cut down the tree

  18. QUESTION:
    I have an old computer, is there somewhere I can bring it to be recycled in an environmentally sound way?
    I would like to dispose of it but not sure where to bring it.

    • ANSWER:
      Check out REBOOT in Cambridge: they’re a supported work place solution for those with employment needs, and a social enterprise that sells competitively priced computers and low servicing charges.
      You can find them on the internet, or I’ll paste the info in here:
      get in touch with Reboot if you live in Cambridge, East or South Cambridgeshire and would like:

      “to buy a refurbished computer from us (see price list)
      us to help you dispose of that old computer (please contact us first for more detail – call 01223 365917 or email them at reboot@afl.org.uk
      to help us help others, by donating your more up-to-date computer that you are replacing.”
      .
      Hope this is of help to you – and to anyone else reading!
      Anna

  19. QUESTION:
    What are two environmentally sound ways that industries currently use to take care of by-products ?

    • ANSWER:
      Hot water/steam from power stations is generally regarded as a by-product, since their main product is electricity. In too many cases it is simply thrown away in massive cooling towers. The most environmentally sound way of using it is to pipe it into a local community heating grid. This is often referred to as co-generation [1] (although that covers micro-generation systems as well).

      “Copenhagen operates the largest district heating grid in Europe. Currently an area including 1.2 million inhabitants is supplied with district heating; 65% of the buildings are connected to the district heating grid. For 2002 a hook-up rate of 95% is being strived for. The district heating is almost exclusively produced through cogeneration of heat and power.” [2]

      A second by-product of fossil fuel burning power stations is carbon dioxide. This is usually released straight into the atmosphere, with potentially catastrophic results. Many people are looking at ways to capture and store this CO2. The technologies are grouped under the heading Carbon Capture and Storage [3].

      In Holland they have taken a slightly different approach. They are using both the waste heat and the CO2 to improve the productivity of greenhouses near the power station. [4]

  20. QUESTION:
    Which is more environmentally sound: disposable razors or electric?
    .

    • ANSWER:
      electric that runs on batteries. i see your point. the disposable razors will become trash and hurt the environment, while electric razors that you PLUG INTO AN OUTLET, will consume energy that uses burning coal and polluting the air. rechargeable-battery powered razors are the best.

  21. QUESTION:
    Is it more environmentally sound to wee-wee in the toilet, or wee-wee in the woods?
    What would Obama do?

    • ANSWER:
      Seems to me that Obama likes to Wee-wee on the Constitution.

  22. QUESTION:
    what is the best environmentally sound way to dispose of polypropolene glycol?
    aka antifreeze fluid?

    • ANSWER:
      your city has places to dump hazardous waste. call them on monday and ask where the local depository is.

  23. QUESTION:
    Which brand is the best for environmentally sound lightbulbs?

    • ANSWER:
      any CFL lightbulbs are good. they are the same. the only thing u have to worry about is the packaging because most are packaged in plastic containers which is not good for the environment. i would suggest these 4pack lightbulbs from your local Walgreens they package their lightbulbs in paper with a litle plastic film but there are still recyclable.

  24. QUESTION:
    I’m starting to think that it is more environmentally sound to use paper plates than to wash plates.?
    What is worse on the carbon foot print? What is better for recycling? Our state Recycles Can and Bottles but most stated don’t (mandatory deposit is paid at purchase and refunded on return).

    • ANSWER:
      A high efficiency dishwasher and plates are a good choice. Hand washing and using minimal water and biodegradable soap are also a good solution. Paper plates – NO WAY! Think of the resources to make the plates, not to mention shipping to the store, packaging, and your energy usage getting them to and from the store! BTW – you CANNOT recycle paper once it has been contaminated with food waste. Go with reusable dishes. If you need some, try goodwill or garage sales if you don’t want to buy new and aren’t picky about patterns / matching.

  25. QUESTION:
    Which nation derives the greatest percentage of it’s energy from environmentally sound resources?

    • ANSWER:
      Good guess:

      http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1727312.stm

      Sweden, Finland, and Austria are also good.

      http://technology.open.ac.uk/design/elliott/documents/ElliottEarthscanhandove2.pdf

      Note that it’s not possible to say precisely. Europe, like the US, is connected as a large power grid. The countries electricity comes from a variety of sources that can shift day to day.

  26. QUESTION:
    My garden can be accessed by cats what weed killer can I use thats environmentally sound and kind to animals.?

    • ANSWER:
      i dont use weed killer on my garden,you can go to walmart and get weed proof(weed control fabric)i place it in between my rows ,i place small bricks on the ends to keep it in place.

  27. QUESTION:
    Dose anyone know an environmentally sound toilet paper that isn’t 7th gen.?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m pretty sure that the existence of such a product is one of the signs of the Apocalypse.

  28. QUESTION:
    Is recycling an environmentally and economically sound waste management strategy?

    • ANSWER:
      Not always. That’s why you hear the phrase, “Reduce, reuse, recycle” You should be focusing your efforts in that order, as that is the order of least to most resource intensive. Recycling is not the environmental cure-all, but it is usually better than simply disposing of certain wastes.

      Most recycling activities would not be undertaken if they were not economically feasible. If recycling aluminum was not economically feasible, you would not get any money for cans. Some recycling activities that are not feasible, but are mandated are items such as used automotive components, like tires and batteries. While there are components that can be recycled, it is costly to recover these materials, making them difficult to be economically viable.

  29. QUESTION:
    Are cloth diapers really environmentally sound and do you use them…?
    Well, I was thinking since you have to always wash them are they really enivornmentally sound?

    Also, IF you use cloth diapers how do you go about getting them ready for the wash?

    At first I wanted to use cloth diapers, but I’m living in a small Condo Complex which only has one washer and one dryer for use. Do you think it is discourteous to wash cloth diapers at my complex??

    Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      For my diapers, I will shake off any solids into the toilet. Then, on laundry day, I run them through a quick cold wash with some borax. Then wash them on hot with a little detergent and vinegar in the rinse. I do not think it would be discourteous to wash the diapers at your complex.

      As for the environment debate, here are some links that you may find helpful:

      http://diaperpin.com/clothdiapers/article_diaperdrama4.asp

      http://diaperpin.com/clothdiapers/article_wastewater.asp

      http://diaperpin.com/clothdiapers/article_ClothVsDisposableDebate.asp

      http://diaperpin.com/clothdiapers/article_enteringdiaperdebate.asp

  30. QUESTION:
    what is plastic made from? is it an environmentally sound way of food packaging?

    • ANSWER:
      Plastic is made from Whale fat and it’s completely safe for the environment. Pack away and enjoy your food!! :)

  31. QUESTION:
    Is it environmentally sound to “clean yourself up” with cabbage leaves?

    • ANSWER:
      ‘Ey up! I’ve heard of using dock leaves. Cabbage leaves are really ‘going green’

  32. QUESTION:
    This may sound silly, But is there a dating site for environmentally conscious ppl?
    Just wondering since not everybody cares about being environmental on those websites for dating, refining my search I guess. Anyone have a site?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:

      http://gardenersdating.com

  33. QUESTION:
    I want to make environmentally friendly and sustainable structures and buildings?
    I don’t know what I’d need to study?

    I have an interest in making structures that are environmentally sound (or as much as hey could be), such as that work with the natural area and ecology surrounding it, and to use materials that are sustainable and better for the environment, etc.

    Do I need to look into engineering for this? Or for architecture? I’m not sure what I need to look at…

    • ANSWER:
      Architecture is what you want. Actually, a Mechanical Engineering degree would be good in addition, but realistically you can only get one. Arch is changing with increasing emphasis on ecology, sustainability, and green technology. The U of Oregon (where I am) has a good department, but there are many others. Read through their page for lots of useful info….

      http://architecture.uoregon.edu/

  34. QUESTION:
    environmentally sound street lights?
    My town has received a grant to install new street lights. I suggested taking the environmental effects into account and they responded by asking me to make a suggestion for an alternative to the mercury vapor version they will probably choose. I have no idea where to start.

    • ANSWER:
      There are only a few choices:

      1. Mercury vapour or some other noble gas type of lighting. Note that these can be environmentally friendly if they are properly recycled. It’s poor disposal practices that cause the problem.

      2. LED lighting. These use less electricity than other types. The main problems are initial cost and reliability. Something like 75% of LED lights don’t live up to the manufacturers’ claims.

      Sources for street lighting:

      http://www.ledlightsorient.com/street-lights-c-8.html

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100308132136.htm

      Information on LED lighting from http://www.1000bulbs.com/category/led-lighting/

      “LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) are one of today’s most promising lighting technologies. LED manufacturers make claims that, if true, could revolutionize the way we think about lighting. Among these claims are:

      The lowest energy consumption of any lighting product to date.

      Life that exceeds that of some traditional lighting products by 20 times.

      No mercury, making them an even “greener” product than CFLs (Compact Fluorescents).

      Light quality equal or superior to traditional lighting products.

      Can all these claims be true? As with any new technology, there is a rush by manufacturers to create the most appealing LED product on the market. With such a rush, some LED manufacturers poorly construct their product and often make false claims. Stores that carry LEDs may also rush and jump to carry inferior products, leaving their customers disappointed.”

      http://www.1000bulbs.com/pdf/led-promise-performance.pdf

  35. QUESTION:
    What other changes could chefs make towards becoming more environmentally responsible?
    Chefs are always looking for a balance between satisfying the appetite of the consumer and remaining in business while practicing socially, economically and environmentally sound habits.
    What other changes could chefs make towards becoming more environmentally responsible; while not relinquishing the satisfaction of the patron or extinguishing the business with expensive unrealistic ideals?

    • ANSWER:
      Buy more organic — as organic foods rise in popularity they are more available and less expensive.

  36. QUESTION:
    Companies that changed their names to sound more “green” environmentally friendly?
    What are three companies that changed Thierry names just to sound more green?

    • ANSWER:
      as was mentioned, chemlawn has done that. and there’s a very interesting story behind it.

      http://pfzmedia.com/

      http://www.google.com/#q=ChemLawn+Hudson+%22A+Chemical+Reaction%22

  37. QUESTION:
    Are ‘underground cities’ environmentally sound?
    Many cities are built with large portions of the city underground, including large malls around subway stops. In Montreal, the entire Bell Centre, where the Canadiennes NHL hockey team plays is underground….Given that these take a lot of energy to construct, but reduce the use of surface land, would a typical environmentalist favor the building of cities underground?

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t believe so
      we need sunlight

  38. QUESTION:
    Where can I find the best environmentally sound lightbulb for regular indoor use, i.e., for lamps etc.?
    Thanks!
    Which brand is the best?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes they are available at Lowe’s Home Depot and Meijer’s etc
      They are the florescent light bulbs you see that are squiggly looking, and they come in different sizes for all your needs. even refrigerator lights. They will save you money and last for a long time. Since they have a small amount of mercury in them, they should be recycled, after many years of use. You are welcome. Welcome to getting your home green.

  39. QUESTION:
    is open pit mining environmentally sound?

    • ANSWER:
      a resounding NO! whatever types of mining – open pit,hydraulic or even the hardrock mining totally destroys nature.

      in our case,most places where mining has been done caused thousands of our countrymen to be landless and homeless. most of the indigenous people have been pushed away from there ancestral lands due to “development”. what good does mining give us? NONE. no matter what our leaders say that it would boost our economy, still the effects to the environment and to the people have never been right.

  40. QUESTION:
    Should all sports stadiums be environmentally sound?
    I’ve noticed that the trend of building brand new sports complexes has slowed down a bit due to the deteriorating economy. Since the early 90′s, almost every professional baseball, basketball, and football franchise has built a brand new stadium. Each complex cost the municipal government hundreds of millions of dollars. I wonder why they didn’t spend a few more to add solar panels, helical wind turbines, rainwater collecting cisterns, and geothermal heating pumps. Further, I think all the facilities should have methane digesting toilets with bidets. The output each stadium returns to the grid may not be equivalent to that of a power plant, but it could be close. What do you make of this idea?

    • ANSWER:
      They don’t because operating costs comes out of another budget for which those who design and build the stadium are not responsible for. Why would they spend more to save someone else some money? Now, if they had to put up a certain percentage of an operating endowment up front then they may be motivated to build more efficient facilities.

      I don’t think the general public in North America would know what to do with a bidet and a methane digesting toilet would have difficulty with the typical stadium usage which spikes during events but is non-existent between events, they would work better with a steady stream of “input”.

      Vertical axis wind turbines though cooler looking are less efficient than horizontal axis wind turbines. This is mostly because the wind represents a load perpendicular to the axis of rotation hence making it difficult to design efficient bearings.

      With solar panels, they should be solar thermal panels producing heat to run absorption chillers for the air condictioners. This would be much less expensive than photo-voltaics and more efficient. Once the air-conditioning needs have been met, some roof space can be used for photo-voltaics for energy demands that can only be met with electricity.

      Rain water cisterns are fine but you should include porous or permeable pavement. It’s important to get the surface water to percolate into the ground else our ground water resources will suffer.

  41. QUESTION:
    OBAMA LIVE VIDEO, he wants to bankrupt COAL INDUSTRY. might this be push we need to be environmentally sound?
    Let me sort of describe my overall policy.

    What I’ve said is that we would put a cap and trade system in place that is as aggressive, if not more aggressive, than anybody else’s out there.

    I was the first to call for a 100% auction on the cap and trade system, which means that every unit of carbon or greenhouse gases emitted would be charged to the polluter. That will create a market in which whatever technologies are out there that are being presented, whatever power plants that are being built, that they would have to meet the rigors of that market and the ratcheted down caps that are being placed, imposed every year.

    So if somebody wants to build a coal-powered plant, they can; it’s just that it will bankrupt them because they’re going to be charged a huge sum for all that greenhouse gas that’s being emitted.

    http://media.newsbusters.org/stories/hidden-audio-obama-tells-sf-chronicle-he-will-bankrupt-coal-industry.html?q=blogs/p-j-gladnick/2008/11/02/hidden-audio-obama-tells-sf-chronicle-he-will-bankrupt-coal-industry

    • ANSWER:
      Well he also speaks about clean coal technoligy.

      which we in sweden will happily sell toy you.
      where rather good with that sort of thing.

      this policy is quite reasonable you your gonna have capitalism then use it the right way.

      (thouigh for the most part american mostly has corporatism not capitalism)

  42. QUESTION:
    How stupid does a person have to be to deny basic science, deride anything smelling of “environmentally sound”
    …and essentially $hit in their own habitat?

    I mean…even dogs don’t foul their own yards.

    Is it possible that there are people walking around with less sense than dogs?
    To Penny – that’s very nice. But it has nothing to do with the point I’m making. When a dog “eats his own poop” it is because something is lacking in his diet, and/or the food he is being fed is not being digested properly.

    Has absolutely NOTHING to do with fouling his own nest, ruining his own habitat, $hitting is his own back yard.

    It’s really a shame that apparently some people are so thick or stubborn or uneducated or mule-headed that they simply refuse to understand basic science.

    Stubbornness is so unattractive.
    To bombom: Oh Dear God in Heaven, you have actually linked up to that bogus “report” which REAL scientists all over the place have been complaining about? That their names were used without their knowledge or consent??? I’m so embarrassed for you.
    ****************************

    The Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine (OISM) describes itself as “a small research institute” that studies “biochemistry, diagnostic medicine, nutrition, preventive medicine and the molecular biology of aging.” It is headed by Arthur B. Robinson, an eccentric scientist who has a long history of controversial entanglements with figures on the fringe of accepted research. OISM also markets a home-schooling kit for “parents concerned about socialism in the public schools” and publishes books on how to survive nuclear war.
    The OISM is located on a farm about 7 miles from the town of Cave Junction, Oregon (population 1,126).
    Located slightly east of Siskiyou National Forest, Cave Junction is one of several small towns nestled in the Illinois Valley, whose total population is 15,000. Best known as a gateway to the Oregon Caves National Monument, it is described by its chamber of commerce as “the commercial, service, and cultural center for a rural community of small farms, woodlots, crafts people, and families just living apart from the crowds. … It’s a place where going into the market can take time because people talk in the aisles and at the checkstands. Life is slower, so you have to be patient. You’ll be part of that slowness because it is enjoyable to be neighborly.” The main visitors are tourists who come to hike, backpack and fish in the area’s many rivers and streams. Cave Junction is the sort of out-of-the-way location you might seek out if you were hoping to survive a nuclear war, but it is not known as a center for scientific and medical research.
    . The OISM would be equally obscure itself, except for the role it played in 1998 in circulating a deceptive “scientists’ petition” on global warming in collaboration with Frederick Seitz, a retired former president of the National Academy of Sciences.
    The article that accompanied the petition was written in the style and format of a contribution to Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a scientific journal.[5] Raymond Pierrehumbert, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Chicago, said that it was “designed to be deceptive by giving people the impression that the article…is a reprint and has passed peer review.” Pierrehumbert also said the article was full of “half-truths”.[12] F. Sherwood Rowland, who was at the time foreign secretary of the National Academy of Sciences, said that the Academy received numerous inquiries from researchers who “are wondering if someone is trying to hoodwink them.”[12]
    After the petition appeared, the National Academy of Sciences said in news release that “The NAS Council would like to make it clear that this petition has nothing to do with the National Academy of Sciences and that the manuscript was not published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences or in any other peer-reviewed journal.”[13] It also said “The petition does not reflect the conclusions of expert reports of the Academy.” The NAS further noted that its own prior published study had shown that “even given the considerable uncertainties in our knowledge of the relevant phenomena, greenhouse warming poses a potential threat sufficient to merit prompt responses. Investment in mitigation measures acts as insurance protection against the great uncertainties and the possibility of dramatic surprises.”[14]
    In a 2006 article the magazine Vanity Fair stated: “Today, Seitz admits that “it was stupid” for the Oregon activists to copy the academy’s format
    The Petition Project itself used to state:
    “Of the 19,700 signatures that the project has received in total so far, 17,800 have been independently verified and the other 1,900 have not yet been independently verified. Of those signers holding the degree of PhD, 95% have now been independently verified. One name that was sent in by enviro pranksters, Geri Halliwell, PhD, has been eliminated. Several names, such as Perry Mason and Robert Byrd are still on the list even though enviro press reports have ridiculed their identity with the names of famous personalities. They are actual signers. Perry Mason, for example, is a PhD Chemist.[2]

    In May 1998 the Seattle Times wrote:
    “Several environmental groups questioned dozens of the names: “Perry S. Mason” (the fictitious lawyer?), “Michael J. Fox” (the actor?), “Robert C. Byrd” (the senator?), “John C. Grisham” (the lawyer-author?). And then there’s the Spice Girl, a k a. Geraldine Halliwell:
    “Several environmental groups questioned dozens of the names: “Perry S. Mason” (the fictitious lawyer?), “Michael J. Fox” (the actor?), “Robert C. Byrd” (the senator?), “John C. Grisham” (the lawyer-author?). And then there’s the Spice Girl, a k a. Geraldine Halliwell: The petition listed “Dr. Geri Halliwell” and “Dr. Halliwell.”
    Asked about the pop singer, Robinson said he was duped. The returned petition, one of thousands of mailings he sent out, identified her as having a degree in microbiology and living in Boston. “It’s fake,” he said.[17]

    2005, Scientific American reported:
    “Scientific American took a sample of 30 of the 1,400 signatories claiming to hold a Ph.D. in a climate-related science. Of the 26 we were able to identify in various databases, 11 said they still agreed with the petition —- one was an active climate researcher, two others had relevant expertise, and eight signed based on an informal evaluation.
    “Six said they would not sign the petition today, three did not remember any such petition, one had died, and five did not answer repeated messages. Crudely extrapolating, the petition supporters include a core of about 200 climate researchers – a respectable number, though rather a small fraction of the climatological community.[18]

    The term “scientists” is often used in describing signatories. The petition requests signatories list their degree (B.S., M.S., or Ph.D.) and to list their scientific field.[3] The distribution of petitions was relatively uncontrolled: those receiving the petition could check a line that said “send more petition cards for me to distribute”. In addition, of the claimed signatures, there are more signers with degrees in general engineering (9,751) than in Atmosphere, Earth, & Environment sciences combined (3,697), and 40 climatologists.”
    In a 2005 op-ed in the Hawaii Reporter, Todd Shelly wrote:
    “In less than 10 minutes of casual scanning, I found duplicate names (Did two Joe R. Eaglemans and two David Tompkins sign the petition, or were some individuals counted twice?), single names without even an initial (Biolchini), corporate names (Graybeal & Sayre, Inc. How does a business sign a petition?), and an apparently phony single name (Redwine, Ph.D.). These examples underscore a major weakness of the list: there is no way to check the authenticity of the names. Names are given, but no identifying information (e.g., institutional affiliation) is provided. Why the lack of transparency?[19]

    • ANSWER:
      The thing is, even Republicans who worry about environmental issues (and most of them do) are so damn sure they don’t want a ‘liberal’ running the country that they vote for more environmental destruction. They care about the environment but control is more important to them.

  43. QUESTION:
    Grammar sticklers, need help making this sentence sound less verbose and more straightforward…?
    This initiative provided me with an understanding of how homes based on environmentally-sound principles such as the use of solar panels, natural lighting, and energy-efficient systems to help reduce environmental impact and improve occupant health.

    • ANSWER:
      ‘This initiative GAVE me an understanding of how homes based on sound energy efficient principles HELPED reduce environmental impact and improveD occupantS health.’
      OR
      ‘This initiative GAVE me an understanding of how homes based on environmentally sound principles SUCH AS energy SAVING systems HELPED reduce environmental impact and IMPROVED OCCUPANCY health.’

      *’energy efficient systems’ would normally include such things as solar panels and natural lighting so detailing them is not really necessary, unless you want to identify them to a buyer.

  44. QUESTION:
    What are some important environmental considerations to take into account when buying a home?
    My partner and I are currently looking to buy a new home. We are both environmentalists in some capacity, so we would like it to be as green as possible. We live near a large city, and we have a fairly standard buget. I would like to ask the following questions: What sort of home for two adults would be the most environmentally sound? What environmentally-friendly features should we be looking for in a new home? What can we do to improve the environmental performance of our home after we have moved in? Any suggestions will be appreciated.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Buy a home wherein there are trees around. Trees will give you enough supply of oxygen and they will help you during rainy season as wind breakers and as absorbers of rain waters.
      GOD SAVE MOTHER EARTH.

  45. QUESTION:
    How do I keep my cats from eating my plants and digging in the poting soil?
    I’m looking for human, and environmentally sound solution proposals. The last thing I want is to poison my cats or the environment.

    • ANSWER:
      I had the same problem-
      I find that lemon juice or some kind of citrus peel will keep your cat from the plants, they dont like citrus smell, pepper could be another one they dont like the grittyness on their paws and when they lick it off it’ll be hot! I dont use this method as it could get in my cats eyes and citrus works fine for me and i like the smell of lemons and oranges! Have a spray bottle handy and give them a squirt( not the mist) if you catch them,most cats-not all, hate water. Put some double sided sticky tape down around the pot-so that the cat cant jump over it (youll need quite a bit)- again the cats dont like the feeling on their paws, Citrus works the best-for me anyway!
      I hope I helped you!

  46. QUESTION:
    What do you think about being buried in a simple pine box coffin like the old days?
    I’ve decided that it is environmentally sound and much cheaper than using the expensive coffins which require concrete liners among other things. From dust to dust I say. Some cemeteries are now offering a “green” area for this type of burial.
    I just realize this category is green “living” and I am talking about death

    • ANSWER:
      I totally agree with you. My family isn’t hurting for money but I feel that the money they could use for some fancy coffin could be used elsewhere. I think it would make more sense to bury someone in a pine box as opposed to the expensive pine boxes. Its not like your going to be living in there and you need something to make all the other people in the cemetary jealous!

  47. QUESTION:
    How could you make a type of converter for all car models currently existing to accept alternative fuels?
    Is there a way to use garbage or compost as a fuel?
    ( As seen in the movie Back to The Future for the Delorian)
    If so, can it be made environmentally sound?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes there is. The fuel is called butanol. It can be produced in a similar method to ethanol. You get a lower yield, so it is best to use waste feedstocks as opposed to dedicated crops. I hope to develop a small scale system able to supply a small Ag operation off their own wastes. The leftover “mash” is a good soil amendment as well. Butanol is virtually identical to gasoline in it’s structure and energy content an so current engines do not need modification, (no flux capacitor needed) and if designed properly will be very environmentally friendly. Really our energy problems will be solved if we could control the breakdown of cellulose and ligno-cellulose a bit better. MIT says they’ve got it, but I haven’t seen it yet.

  48. QUESTION:
    What kind of container is safe for drinking water?
    I need to carry water around with me and all I can find are either #7 hard plastic bottles or the disposable soft plastic bottles. What is the healthiest and most environmentally sound choice?

    • ANSWER:
      Nalgene.

      http://www.nalgenechoice.com/

      They make hard plastic water bottles that are BPA-free. They’re made in the USA, so you’re not buying from China or another country.

  49. QUESTION:
    If I want to convert to green energy what is the best way to start?
    Can anyone recommend any electricity suppliers who specialise in environmentally sound energy supply in Britian/Scotland? I am with scottish gas would this be considered a ‘green’ form of energy supply or can I do better?

    • ANSWER:
      Here’s a great site to learn the basics from if you wish to generate some of your own electricity. (My personal favourite)
      Help is available in the form of government grants towards the total costs of an installation, but you need to check your area/locality for the correct information: http://www.nef.org.uk/greenenergy/index.htm

      For energy from a supplier, here’s a comparison site:

      http://www.nef.org.uk/greenenergy/index.htm

      All the best with your endeavour. It’s a pity more people don’t think similar.. :)

  50. QUESTION:
    What is the best cleaning window washing fluid I can make myself?
    I need to wash some windows and want to use environmentally sound materials and cleans dirt quickly without leaving a lot of streaks.

    Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Vinegar and water,wipe windows with newspaper.