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Custer Park – Enjoy The Family Activities In The Black Hills Of South Dakota-00-2666

Have you always hoped to wander where the buffalo gallop? Then come visit Custer State Park (Custer Park) in the Black Hills of South Dakota just 25 miles south of Rapid City on US Hwy 16A, and a few miles east of historic Custer South Dakota. Custer Park offers four distinct resorts, each with its own personality and packed full of activities that the whole family will love.

One resort is the State Game Lodge nestled in the scented pines. Built in the 1920s, it served as the Summer White House for President Calvin Coolidge. Grace Coolidge Trail, known for its amazing angling, meanders nearby through the valley of birch, oak, and aspen trees. Places to stay range from cabins to stately lodge rooms to a recently-renovated motel. While you are there, book a buffalo jeep safari and watch the mutli-ton animals in their natural habitat.

The renowned Frank Lloyd Wright designed Sylvan Lake Lodge on Hwy 87, was added after the original Victorian lodge burned in 1935. Located at the base of the Harney Peak Trail off the Needles Highway, this resort connects with countless hiking trails and has access to the beaches of the lake for angling, swimming, or just relaxing. The Lakota Dining Room features tasty game dishes. For the more rustic in nature, cabins situated in the spruce forest are also available.

The Blue Bell Lodge, also on Hwy 87, offers visitors a more pastoral Western flavor with trail rides and chuck wagon cookouts as some of the things to do. The facilities are in a guest ranch style. Each cabin has its own fire ring for telling ghost stories or playing the harmonica at the close of the day.

Legion Lake Lodge, located on Hwy 16A, sits directly at the water’s edge of Legion Lake. It boasts large family cabins and recreational activities such as swimming, boating, and angling. Named because it once hosted the American Legion, this area has access to the Centennial Trail right from the Lodges back steps. Be sure to include a hike along the Badger Clark trail in your list of activities.

There are many attractions in Custer Park. Wildlife Loop Road allows visitors to view wildlife such as bison, prairie dogs, burros, and deer from the convenience of their cars. The best times for viewing are early in the day and early evening when the animals are most active. Dont forget to look skyward. You may see a bald eagle.

The Annual Buffalo Round Up and Art Festival is held annually at the end of September, when the fall foliage is breath-taking. Spice up your mouth with the chili cook-off, or watch in wonder as hundreds of buffalo are corralled for branding and vaccinations by cowboys and cowgirls. Western activities are available for young and old alike. Local artisans let you view their skills and purchase finished works.

The Park is the haven for cyclists from all over the world who thrill to both the fat tire and the dirt road rides. Hikers can appreciate the state hiking system, designed to allow for all levels of physical ability trails around the numerous waterways, meadows, and ponds. Motorcyclists, bikers, and horseback riders can explore countless paths left behind by ranchers and loggers. Some famous trails include the Centennial Trail that meanders through a large portion of the area, the Grace Coolidge Walk-In Fishing Area on US Hwy 16A, and the George S. Mickelson Trail, where it is claimed the ghosts of Wild Bill Hickok and Calamity Jane still wander. The Mickelson Trail, which opened in 1998, is designed for hikers and bikers of all levels with gradual slopes, easy access, and countless converted railroad trestles. The panoramic views of nature in spring and fall are breathtaking. However, except in the springtime, no water is available along the trail, so please bring plenty in environmentally friendly containers.

For a more elegant night out, plan reservations to watch a play at the Black Hills Playhouse, established in 1946. It is one of the oldest, continuously running summer playhouses, and boasts some of the best off-Broadway acting in the country. Funded by the University of South Dakota, the theatre now has five dormitories to house the actors and stage crew. The Childrens Theatre of South Dakota is an outreach program with a goal of introduce children to the arts.

Finally, do not forget to visit the Crazy Horse Memorial and Mt. Rushmore, each to be found at the edge of Custer Park. The memorial to Crazy Horse began to emerge from the mountain in 1948 and is still a work in progress. It is a privately funded operation. Mount Rushmore is a National Monument depicting the heads of four presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Non-Plastic food containers for microwave and fridge? Environmentally friendly food storage?
    I am trying to replace all of my plastic food containers due to the health hazards, and was wondering what I should switch to. I like storing my food in the fridge and freezer, and microwaving it while still in the container.

    Does anyone have any suggestions on some good, environmentally friendly and healthy food containers? Where can I get them?

    • ANSWER:
      pyrex (glass) with soft plastic lids are great for this. I cook all my husbands lunches and store in pyrex with sealable tops, and they reheat well. If you were going to freeze them, you would want to thaw them in the fridge overnight before putting them in the overn or microwave.

      For things stored in the fridge on their own, pyrex with glass lids are great for casseroles, salads, soups, and other things you will be serving . Corning ware makes some nice pieces. You can get these at any kitchen store, department store, or even discounters. At Kmart, Martha Stewart has them with light green lids; I have some we got from Crate and Barrel for our wedding 11 years ago, and they still look new and get used all the time. Target, Macys, Williams Sonoma, or a Corning outlet store will be good places to look.

  2. QUESTION:
    I’m looking to buy around 200 environmentally friendly food packaging containers, and i’m on a budget?
    These containers must be eco-friendly. ex. biodegradable, made out of corn/plant fibers, made out of recycled materials, etc.

    They should be just barely large enough to hold a good size dumpling, and a normal plastic soy-sauce container right next to the dumpling as well. (like the ones you get from chinese takeout, about an inch in diameter)

    And at most, is what i’m willing to spend on the entire order, so make sure it’s around 200.

    Thanks so much! Whoever can find a website or something, that would be great!

    Thanks again!

    • ANSWER:
      I found this for you:

      The Vegware burger box should be the right size and sold in amounts of 50 packs. .95 per pack. This should work.

      http://www.vegware.us/eco-takeout-boxes/burger.html

      And the Vegware 2 oz condiment cups, sold in packs of 100, .95 per pack.

      http://www.vegware.us/pla-compostable-bioplastic/condiment-pots.html

      Hope this helps! Most places sell restaurant supplies in cases – way too much for your needs.

  3. QUESTION:
    Where can you buy an environmentally friendly lunch container?

    • ANSWER:
      Just buy a regular lunch container. It’s the same exact thing. Just recycle it and use it for long periods of time before you get a new one. “Environmentally Friendly Lunch Containers” is just another example of how people are trying to make an easy buck off of something so simple in the “Go Green” movement. That cheap lunch-box at Wal-Mart is going to be the same exact thing as the expensive Eco-Friendly Lunch Container.

  4. QUESTION:
    Environmentally Friendly Bags?
    We are doing a project in biology for ‘environmentally friendly (reusable) containers’. I’m in charge of the information for reusable bags, like the ones you get at supermarkets to use over and over instead of using paper and plastic bags.

    I haven’t yet googled this subject, but please, tell me everything you know about this topic. Statistics, pros, cons, anything and everything.

    And thanks for any help. :)

    • ANSWER:
      There’s a ton of information out there about reusable bags. If you only use a search engine like google or yahoo then you’re only scratching the surface. Go to your local library (or its website) to gain access to databases with articles from magazines, newspapers, etc.

      I used these searches in a search engine:
      1. reusable bags site:.org
      2. reusable bags site:.gov

      And found these… (Notice that a lot of the information out there is from local city and county agencies and organizations. Each time you look at a site on the web, be sure to evaluate where the information is coming from – who is the organization responsible for the information? You want to be on the look out for biased and slanted information.

      http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/publiced/Holidays/ReusableBags.htm

      http://dpw.lacounty.gov/epd/PlasticBags/ReusableBags.cfm

      http://www.aspencore.org/Community_Office_for_Resource_Efficiency/Reusable_Bag_Initiative.html

      http://ecotrope.opb.org/2011/02/reusable-bags-only-superior-to-plastic-if-you-reuse-them-a-lot/

      http://www.igotmybag.org/why.htm

      http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=111672574

      You may also find that you can get research assistance (help searching databases as well as the web) by chatting with a local librarian.
      Examples:

      http://ask.wa.gov/

      http://www.qandanj.org/

      http://www.icpl.org/ask/

      http://ncknows.org/

  5. QUESTION:
    an environmentally friendly supermarket in your area, packaging-free ?
    Would you use an environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarket?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Concerns about food in tamper-free containers would be addressed.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research! (Well, it’s relatively green compared with mailshots, paper surveys etc..)

    • ANSWER:
      Saw your questions last night & thought it was a great idea & yes, I’d shop somewhere like that. Now I’m thinking…..as the retailer, selling trusted brand names, would you be able to buy your stock without the usual packaging or would you just have to dispose of it yourself? I guess you’d just buy in ‘catering pack’ sizes??
      good luck with your venture…there is WAY too much packaging!!

  6. QUESTION:
    What is the most environmentally friendly was to dispose of cooking oil?
    What is the best way to dispose of used cooking oil. I know pouring it down the drain is not environmentally friendly. I dispose of it in a container and toss it in the bin, is there a more environmentally friendly way or doesnt it cause any great harm? Just wondering what other people do.
    What is the most environmentally friendly WAY to dispose of cooking oil, i meant to ask.

    • ANSWER:
      mix it with bird seed and nuts and put it in a hollowed coconut shell(half) to set. Hang up out side in garden little birdies love um specialy starlins.They cost about 2 quid in garden centers.Dont give it to your dog thats just mean.

  7. QUESTION:
    An environmentally friendly supermarket? Would you use it if it was in your area?
    Would you use an environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarket?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Concerns about food in tamper-free containers would be addressed.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research! (Well, it’s relatively green compared with mailshots, paper surveys etc..)

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. They tell us to recycle yet allow companies to use so much packaging. Most things are like pre wrapped pass the parcel prizes.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is a more environmentally friendly replacer to soymilk?
    I am a vegan so I can’t drink milk– plus I’m lactose intolerant. Being a vegan, I drink lots of protein shakes. I generally use soy milk in the protein shakes but I hate how processed it is and how none of the containers are recyclable. What is a good alternative?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      You could look at different brands of soymilk and find ones that use recyclable material (look for the three green arrows). Also, unsweetened soymilk is the least-processed.

      Otherwise, you could make your own milk substitute. Take some oatmeal and soak it over-night, then strain it. Add a little sweetener, and it’s really delicious. All you need is oats, water, and sweetener.

      You could also use almond milk, which is more expensive (unless you make your own). It usually only has about 3 ingredients.

  9. QUESTION:
    What household products do you consider NOT to be environmentally friendly?
    For example:

    Floor sweepers and mops with the disposable pads
    Plastic grocery bags (even if you use them as garbage bags)
    Air fresheners (particularly the plug-in style)
    Single serving soups for microwaves (the ones with the plastic lip used during heating)
    Fertilizers
    Take-out food containers
    Batteries
    Night-lights
    TV’s, DVD/VCR’s, Stereos etc… that draw power when not in use
    Ad mail (e.g. flyers)
    Noon… you need to do a little more homework on the life-cycle of plastic bags!

    • ANSWER:
      Fridge/freezers, of course they must be left on
      Electric clocks
      Digi-boxes, which the providers (such as Sky) say have to be left on standby when off
      Gas ovens, ours has to be plugged into the electrical supply to enable it to work, so it’s using both gas and electric
      Packaging that can’t be recycled
      Disposable nappies and sanitary towels
      Baby wipes
      Spray deodorant(s)
      Rodents hutches and cages (such as for rabbits) when you use newspapers to line them. You can’t recycle the newspaper once it’s used and you have to use a lot of newspaper if it’s a large hutch/cage.

      As for admail such as paper flyers, we have brown wheely bins, which are used to put any waste that can be composted (that our council allows us to). We are allowed to shread paper (I shread a lot of mine) and put it into the bins, which will go towards composting. Normal paper and magazines can be put into our other recycling bin(s). So it’s not all bad about junk mail/flyers, unless you mean a different kind of material which can’t be recycled.

  10. QUESTION:
    How to become more “green” and environmentally friendly?
    I have gutters redirected into big wheely bins to collect rainwater and frost water, and I have lowered electricity costs by changing all my lightbulbs to the friendly ones that use much less energy. I turn all electrical appliance off at the wall (except fridge and freezer) and I grow native plants to benefit the wildlife. I have recently remulched the garden using sustainable mulch (They grow the trees for the mulch instages making sure they don’t take more land for demand) and I am a recycling freak and do as much as I can to reduce waste and rubbish.

    I also take my own cup when I buy coffee and take my own container for take out (so I don’t have to throw away the empty cup or container) and always use my own bags when shopping.

    Can you give me any other ideas to help the environment that I might not already know about? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      My family and I do the following:

      1 ~ We have trees in our house. My home looks like a jungle. My husband and I grow everything from tiny African violets to huge banana palms. We are fortunate to have a little piece of land attached to our house, so there are birches, lilacs, fruit trees.

      2 ~ We try not to use paper towels, paper shopping bags, and other paper products that involve in cutting trees to make them. We are shopping with our cloth totes and use cotton kitchen towels that we simply wash after they get dirty.

      3 ~ Every Christmas we use an artificial fur tree. It saves a lot of money and a tree.

      4 ~ We keep an eye on new construction sights that involve cutting the trees. We ALWAYS try to dig the trees out before they have to be cut and find a new “home” for them. It actually works pretty well and construction workers always help us.

      Everything begins within yourself and your family.

  11. QUESTION:
    would you use an environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarket?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research!

    • ANSWER:
      That is a great idea, and it already exists … it is called “bulk buying”. All the goods are brought into the store in bulk and the customers takes as much or as llittle as they want.

      If you can’t digest this long rant in one sitting, just read the last paragraph.

      What YOU want to do is apply a bulk buying model to all packaged goods sold in your store. You need to think of a marketing model that will work, i.e. you need to answer the following questions

      Will people easily break their habit of tossing their empty containers in the recycleables in favor of taking them back to the store to be refilled,
      what suppliers will supply YOU in bulk, and how much volume, weight or quantity will you have to buy unpackaged for any real economic gain,
      what about cleanliness and Health and Safety issues (contaminated food, spilling something harmful on your skin, inadvertently mixing incompatible chemicals, failure of large volume packaging, etc)
      training your employees in WHMIS, TDG, HazMat, Food Handling Science, etc …

      You can’t afford all that at a one store scale. If you open in one year without addressing those questions you will be sued out of business the first time someone gets injured or sick through something you sold them or something that happened in your store.

      I think a scalable model might be a supermarket chain forming a partnership with the suppliers of all/some of the product lines they carry and with a recycling company as well as a packaging company in order to create the same system the beer and liquor stores have just introduced in Ontario. A deposit on containers to induce people to return them for cleaning and refilling, perhaps the cleaning and refilling plant could even be on the store premises in order to reduce shipping costs … in order to be the first store to do that there would either have to be an economic advantage to the store, or a Regulatory reason to do it.

      Basically, I think the near term solution to your question is to:

      Build a bottling plant(S) in the rear of a supermarket, say a supermarket backing onto an industrial park idea. Standardize all packages on the shelves (square bottles give the most volume per unit shelf space) and,
      provide an inducement (less expensive method of returning packaging cleaned and filled to the shelf = lower prices to consumer + benefit to the environment)

      The most acceptable model to a consumer is the model where they do the least amount of work to receive an additional benefit. You will have to come up with continuing improvements on your model in order to keep ahead of the big chains as well.

      I think you should work on a model that you could present to a supermarket chain. Instead of running one little shop you might end up running an entire chain of environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarkets.

      You have a GREAT idea but I think, same as you, that it needs further market research. You will have to research the business model, i.e. the cost of designing a packaging plant into a supermarket versus the cost of distribution through current channels … the price of fuel is going to be one of many deciding factors, you’re gonna have to know the savings of bulk delivery versus packaged delivery.

      If you want to present a green idea to an investor, you also want to show the business model, i.e. where the money is saved.

      This is the problem every entrepreneur has getting an idea to market, so much you have to know, but only one person to know it all and do it all. All great enterprises are a result of team work … you need a management team with knowledge that will answer the questions I asked above.

      Your model might work in a simplified fashion by just adding a package deposit on a standard package for only those products that the average consumer couldn’t screw up and hurt themselves if they tried.

  12. QUESTION:
    Tourism, ecotourism and environmentally friendly schemes! some examples?
    I would like to know some examples of environmentally friendly schemes that have been used or could be used, such as placing recycling containers etc
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      It looks like most of the major tour operators have some kind of environmental program in place by now. Some of the more popular ideas are to offer passengers the option of buying Green Credits/Carbon Credits to offset their travel and pollution impact. These can be either investment in alternative sources of energy (like wind, solar etc) or helping people in poorer nations to switch from using fossil fuel to using replacable energy to cook and heat (e.g. by replacing their stoves and heaters). Alternatively, they will have a program to invest in the environmental protection of an area that would be impacted by their programs, and/or by supporting research into environmental concerns.

      At airports and a growing number of attractions you will see recycling bins, and hotels (I saw this in Western Canada recently) now place recycling bins (the size of a small trashcan) in their rooms. The reality is that when it costs money, people are less enthusiastic about doing something for the environment. If they see an advantage, either for their prestige or money-wise, they are more likely to do it. Convenience is also a big factor, and getting people into the habit of recycling. Giving an incentive is always motivating, whether it is a cash reward or the knowledge that the proceeds of recycling go to a ‘good’ cause.

      Some of my coworkers have an issue with using their own coffee container when they go to a coffee place such as Starbucks – they think they may not want to clean their own container every day, or they are concerned that it’s not hygienic. They would rather waste the container the coffee comes in, and/or plastic cutlery because that is, to them, guaranteed germ-free.

      We are talking about bringing our own containers for take-out food – to use less styrofoam or plastic ones, and to bring our own durable bags to carry the food out, instead of the restaurant’s plastic bag. This becomes very inconvenient because we would have to plan ahead of time, and most fast-food lunches are not pre-planned (!). I use an aluminum water bottle, which is recyclable if it ever gets to that point, and use a water filter at my sink at home to fill it instead of buying plastic water bottles. However, e.g. on a motorcoach tour, it is not practical for passengers to carry their own refillable water bottles – at least not until they can refill it somewhere safe.

      Sometimes, things which are advertised as environmentally safe and friendly in use and disposal are using toxic substances in the production process. I would love for legislation to mandate that everything we buy is labelled with a ‘lifecycle cost’ – which would take into consideration everything from the raw material to the transport, the manufacture, the transport to where it is being sold/used, to its durability, and finally, the cost and effort of breaking it down in recycling. This would show the consumer the true impact every product has on our environment.

  13. QUESTION:
    what is more environmentally friendly?
    Using plastic beverage containers,( milk,soda, beer ,water, juice )
    or returnable glass/metal containers to be washed and reused or recycled. Washing them uses energy.

    What ever happened to mainstream glass soda and milk bottles?

    • ANSWER:
      With respect to reusable glass containers, our legal system had a lot to do with the elimination of those.

      There were lawsuits about bottles that had not been properly washed.

      There were also lawsuits over botles that had exploded because they had small cracks in them that had been missed when the bottles were washed and reused.

      The only way to have a consistent supply of containers was to go with disposable containers.

      The popu;larity of plastic is that it is less likely than a glass container to get a small crack in it and explode.

      Also plastic weighs less. That is environmentally friendly because it requires less diesel fuel to transport objects that weigh less.

      Also with respect to plastic containers if they are disposed of in a landfill that carbon is sequestered. there are some types of plastics that can be made from plant materials. If you dispose of those in a landfill and make them non biodegradable you are removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequestering it.

  14. QUESTION:
    would you use an environmentally friendlier, minimum packaging supermarket?
    Would you use an environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarket?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Concerns about food in tamper-free containers would be addressed.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research! (Well, it’s relatively green compared with mailshots, paper surveys etc..)

    • ANSWER:
      in theory its a great idea, but ik don’t think people will travel there as well as going to the regular supermarket, time is precious, ideally we need all supermarkets and shops to use less packaging, why do we need fruit in plastic bags when paper ones are better or even non at all. also what would happen if you filled somebodies container with coffee and they had a problem with the stuff ie foreign body flavour loss or worse food poisoning how can you prove it was the container not being clean and not your produce, think very carefully and take legal advice. good luck

  15. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as cleaning products with recyclable containers?
    I know Seventh Generation’s containers are biodegradable, but it would be even better to have products with recyclable containers. I think the only plastics I can recycle are numbers 1&2. I cannot even recycle the boxes of laundry detergent because they are wax-covered.

    I know that every piece of plastic that was ever created still exists today, and I hate throwing plastic in the garbage.

    If not, what is the most environmentally friendly cleaning products I can get.

    Thanks
    :)

    • ANSWER:
      Try using Baking soda for everything that needs deodorizing or scrubbing. It comes in a paper box and isn’t very nontoxic. You can even use it in your laundry as a water softener to make your detergent go farther.

      Re-use a spray bottle with a vinegar/water mix for cleaning glass and counter tops. Try to find ways to re-use those plastic containers instead of throwing them away. Refill soda bottles with water and freeze them to use in the ice chest. Or make bird feeders out of them. Invest in a water filter and refill your own water bottles. Use foam or paper egg cartons to start seeds in. Try not to buy prepackaged foods, it wastes a lot of packaging that has no other real purpose and isn’t recyclable.

  16. QUESTION:
    would you use an environmentally friendlier packaging free supermarket if there was one in your area?
    Would you use an environmentally friendly, packaging free supermarket?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Concerns about food in tamper-free containers would be addressed.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research! (Well, it’s relatively green compared with mailshots, paper surveys etc..)

    • ANSWER:
      Yes of course, but you must bear in mind one problem: People would have to bring to the shop a lot of potentially bulky packaging – jars, boxes, containers. This could be problematic to those on the way from work, they would have to carry them to work first or go home to get etc. Hope you get the point; perhaps the answer is to go to the middle ground as well by ‘offering’ repeat use biodegradable packaging if needed, simple cardboard boxes, paper bags etc. The shop chain ‘Scoop’ (not sure if they still exist) sold all there goods from big plastic barrels, you ‘scoope’ out the amont you wanted ito a bag, they weighed it, you paid and went, packaging was cut by a least half compared with standard shops and Supermakets. So try a combination otherwise the all mprtant ‘Convenience’ issue will raise its head. Anything like this is good! We want the goods not the advertising package, today we give too much imprtance to the appearance at the expence of the quality of the product, with too little thought to the consequence of our actions! Go ahead – but take on board the issues I have mentioned – and the best of luck, if it works you will be out of business inside of three years bcause the Supermarket chains will take the idea and push you right out – sorry but you know what BIg Business is like!!

  17. QUESTION:
    Have you tried Bota Box wines?
    They are delicious, in an environmentally friendly container and unlike other box wines they are good for a month after opening.

    • ANSWER:
      I tried the Bota Cabernet. Surprised how nice the wine was. It was the first box wine I had.
      Since then I found a much better box wine from Octavin.
      Here are a few you should try, if you can find them.

      http://www.whywineblog.com/2010/03/new-in-boxed-wines.html

      http://www.whywineblog.com/2010/06/silver-birch-sauvignon-blanc-2009-3l.html

      http://www.whywineblog.com/2010/07/boho-vineyards-old-vine-zinfandel-2008.html

      http://www.whywineblog.com/2010/09/bodegas-osborne-seven-red-wine-of-spain.html

  18. QUESTION:
    Which is more environmentally friendly? An aluminum can or a plastic pop bottle?
    If I’m going to drink a coke (and recycle the container, of course), which is better for the environment – plastic or aluminum? It still uses energy to recycle, so I’m wondering which product uses less energy to recycle?

    Of course I understand that not drinking coke is the most environmentally friendly. I drink water from my reusable bottle 95% of the time. But I work graveyard shift. Every now and then I need something with caffeine. I understand the health risks. And frankly, its a treat. Donuts and cookies have health risks too. But as long as I don’t have either very often or consistantly, I’m not worried about it.
    The question is – WHICH IS MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY? If I had to choose one?

    • ANSWER:
      Aluminum cans can be recycled into more aluminum cans. There is no loss of quality in the aluminum being recycled.

      Plastic bottles are rarely recycled into plastic bottles, rather into ‘downstream’ products that in turn cannot be recycled and are often thrown out, such as flower-pots, clothing, egg cartons etc.

      It’s true that it takes a lot of energy to heat aluminum up to the melting point but a lot of aluminum smelters are hydro-electric powered which isn’t as bad as burning coal to melt your pop cans.

      The key thing is that most beverage containers, whether cans or bottles, don’t get recycled. It’s estimated that over 49 billion aluminum cans are landfilled in North America every year. That’s the energy equivalent of wasting 54 million barrels of oil. So whatever your choice, make sure you do recycle. And the most environmentally friendly choice of all is not to drink Coke. No matter what type of container you drink out of, a lot of energy goes into producing and transporting the pop to you, and Coke and the other big bottling companies are notorious for wasting water in their manufacturing process – and depriving local communities, especially in third world countries, of affordable drinking water. (See book “Blue Covenant” by Maud Barlow).

  19. QUESTION:
    My company is not environmentally friendly. How can I change this?
    I’m appalled at the lack of recycling and conservation at the large corporation I work for. Virtually none of the printers have duplexers (allow for paper to be printed on both sides), and the ones that do are not marked – nor are employees encouraged to print on both sides.

    There are no *obviously* designated bins for recycling paper. We do have small blue bins that proclaim “We Recycle” for that purpose, but people just throw their regular trash in there, so the cleaning people don’t separate them.

    Worst of all, no one cares! Every day I see cans and bottles in people’s wastebins, even though there’s a large marked container in the kitchen for this purpose.

    I wish there was an outside party that could come in and give my company a “grade” for its environmental efforts – because I think that’s the only way they’ll take notice! I think they’d score around a “D.” ;-)

    I’m a lowly office worker, and barely get attention from my own boss, let alone the higher-ups in the corp.

    • ANSWER:
      My company is the same. Good thing is I’m in a position to try and influence change. We do use large shred bins (need to for security puposes). These bins clearly indicate the paper will be recycled. So I put nonsensitive paper, including junk mail, in the bin and have encouraged others to do the same. Things I cannot put in the shred bin (non-paper) I bring home and include with my weekly recycle pickup at home. My wife has started bringing items home also. We also started using refilled printer cartridges (from Cartridge World) instead of buying new (also saves money). These are small things, but starting small is working. As awareness has increased, buy-in and acceptance also increased. Lead by example. Coworkers have seen what I have been doing, asked me about it, and now several are doing the same.

  20. QUESTION:
    would chinese takeout boxes work for selling fishing bait worms in?
    my daughter wants to earn some money and we are considering raising worms to sell as bait.hoping to find a container that is more environmentally friendly than the classic styrofoam.
    Paper Cups might work but may absorb to much liquid to last any period of time if all the worms weren’t used right away.

    • ANSWER:
      good idea experiment, put much and worms in there for about 5 days and tape shut. see if the cardboard shows signs of moister or water damage on the outside

  21. QUESTION:
    32oz reusable drink container?
    I’m looking for a reusable drink container that can hold at most 32oz. It needs to be able to be hand-washed, so no nooks and crannies only a dishwasher can get into.

    I’d prefer if the container be environmentally friendly and durable. While I don’t plan on dropping it, accidents do happen.

    • ANSWER:
      Stainless steel bottles are a better option over aluminum , and a little more durable too. Aluminum corrodes, and the salts are not good in the human body, and those that have a coating inside of them have a compound that contains BPA, or other estrogenic mimic.

      If you look carefully, you can find some that are not expensive at all. Some stainless steel alloys can be magnetic, so they can sometimes be verified that way if the label is not clear.

  22. QUESTION:
    How can we build this house?
    Okay my husband & I are relocating to the beautiful state of New Mexico. We are purchasing land & we want to buy used storage containers & build our home out of it. We want 4 containers positioned in a square & combined together making an area in the middle of the house for an enclosed space for the children to play & be safe. Do any of you have advice on how to go about doing this? We also want to keep cost low and be environmentally friendly in the process. How difficult is this house going to be in order for it to be the way we want it?

    • ANSWER:
      Better find out from the “City” if you can do what you are proposing!

  23. QUESTION:
    Can I substitue lacquer thinner with paint thinner to clean a brush?
    I am using Minwax Lacquer wood finish on a bathroom door. I am applying it with a mid quality “All Paints & Finishes” type brush. I’m not using natural bristle as Minwax suggests; they’re too pricey for this project. The Minwax container says to use lacquer thinner for brush clean up. Can I use the “Safer” Paint Thinner that I already have and still get this brush clean? Supposedly more environmentally friendly than regular thinner.

    • ANSWER:
      paint thinner won’t clean up lacquer.How much did the brush cost how much does lacquer thinner cost?Maybe toss the brush.

  24. QUESTION:
    How would You grade my paper on nuclear fusion?
    Nuclear fusion reactions that occur in our Sun produce huge amounts of energy. Is there any way to harness nuclear fusion reactions here on earth to produce electricity? No commercial nuclear fusion power plants currently exist, but some researchers hope that technologies can be invented to bring fusion power into production in an environmentally friendly way. Many governments have the same hope and have invested billions of dollars in pursuit of this dream.

    The centre of our Sun is very hot-about 15 million degrees celsious. For many decades, researchers have looked for a practical way to recreate the conditions at the centre of our Sun. They have produced extremely hot temperaturs during nuclear explosions, but this is not a practical way of producing electricity. An added challenge is that no container made of matter can contain gases that are as hot as the centre of our Sun. Any type of container would melt long before reaching those temperatures. However, there is another way to contain hot gases- with a strong magnetic field.

    How can you use a magnetic field to hold gases? hot gases lose electrons, turning all the atoms into ions. An ionized gas is called plasma.

    In a fusion power reation, a magnetic filed traps hydrogen plasma. One reactor design uses an electromagnet posiitoned in the shape of a doughnut. The hot plasma stays inside the doughnut and away from the magnets used to generate the magnetic field. Currently, a number of existing experimental facilities are suing this technology.

    Given thse tremendous challenges as well as huge development costs, why even bother to try to build a fusion power facility? If it could be made to work, fusion power is expected to have a number of advantages. The materials needed for fusion-isotopes of hydrogen-are as plentiful as the oceans themselves. Also, the products of nuclear fusion are expected to be stable isotopes, meaning that there might be no radioactive wastes to worry about. Finally a small amount of fusion produces a tremendous amount of enery.

    • ANSWER:
      Stop asking questions in your paper as if they are coming from you. The speaker should never ask the question as if it is their own experience. Reword the questions [some are more interesting than others] such as “Is there a way….”—to— One would wonder if such speculations of fusion could exist on planet earth in nature or experimentally? As per diligent research….[state where the research comes from]

      Whenever you are writing with numbers and Celsius [correct your spelling with the C always capitalized in honor of who discovered it; by virtue of any science paper] always write alternative temperature conversions to compliment 15 million degrees Celsius by converting the degrees to Kelvin and also Fahrenheit as fusion easily begins at 100 million Fahrenheit as well. Omit that the sun is “very hot” as the digits of your data will do its justice for you.

      When you ask the question, “How can you use a magnetic field…?”
      You never actually answered the question. I would advise that you answer how an electromagnetic field does what you answered the question with.

      “Currently a number of…facilities [what facilities? Their names an locations for example...suing" [pursuing? or an actual lawsuit]

      In the last paragraph you begin to seem redundant with your questions. Once again, reform it to say something along the lines of, “With large expenditure and seemingly endless challenges, it may appear that fusion power facilities have many drawbacks…or reformat it to have a neutral stance. “If [it could be made to work]“….if what can be made to work?

      You have some adjustments to make with syntax and actual data. There is much work to do.

      Easily a D+

  25. QUESTION:
    If there was a package free supermarket would you use it?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research!

    • ANSWER:
      When you buy on a market that is effectively what you do. I don’t have a problem with it, but I wouldn’t bother bringing back old egg boxes / jars.

  26. QUESTION:
    if there was an ecologically sound, packaging-free supermarket, would you use it?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research!

    • ANSWER:
      frecking excellent!! where??? when?? now? here? today? go you!!!!!!! yay!!!!

      but beware

      habits of convenience are as hard to kick as smoking

      you may have a VERY long uphill battle to convince people. Get the middle class hippies in first to give you some initial cash flow – you will need a very well chosen location for that.

      and insurance and other administrative nonsense will cost more than it should, because what you’re doing is new and odd, and insurers like old and boring.

      buy low, sell high and keep good records.

      hugely good luck to you

  27. QUESTION:
    Business Questions. Please Help!?
    Gill Balstock started his business after inventing an environmentally-friendly disposal foam container for dairy products. His son Larry now runs the business while Gill pursues other projects. Gill is a(n) ___and Larry is a(n) ___.
    a.founder, follow-on entrepreneur
    b.initiator, instigator
    c.founder, franchisee
    d.founder, second-stage entrepreneur

    Amy Mendez is contemplating opening her own business. She should ____.
    a.stick to traditional fields for women (such as women’s clothing stores or beauty shops) since nontraditional fields are virtually closed to women.
    b.realize that many banks will be slow to offer loans because she is a woman.
    c.realize that she is going against the flow, in that the proportion of women-owned firms is decreasing slightly.
    d.know that women-owned firms are basically part-time businesses.

    Compared to their larger competitors, small firms may be better positioned to provide good customer service because they
    a.do not struggle as much with bureaucracy.
    b.tend to have established corporate policies that emphasize a customer focus.
    c.have a narrow range of products or services to offer.
    d.refuse to be distracted by other developments in the industry.

    • ANSWER:
      Here’s what i think… but i could be wrong…
      First Question: A or D
      A dictionary could help/ Your Notes

      Second Question: A or B
      If your are a feminist, don’t not let your thoughts on equality interrupt you from reality

      Third Question: C or A
      B is leaned towards larger competitors, and D is not practical because anything affects everything
      Hoped I helped.

  28. QUESTION:
    Why do you NOT do green?
    Many people recycle- some. Many people use a few environmentally friendly products. What stops you from being green? Is it convenience? Money? Lack of facilities? Why do you choose disposable plastic bottles over reusable containers? Why do you drive a gas guzzler instead of choosing earth friendlier transportation? As insignificant or petty as it may sound, I want your excuse!

    • ANSWER:
      i simply forget

  29. QUESTION:
    i need your help to complete this assignment, please answer?
    Help me, i need each and every ones help! Your opinion matters as much as the next person so please do give one to this ad in response to the info below. I am attending St.Lawrence College, and as an assignment have decided to help out a cleaning company. They have started out this year and make their own homemade cleaners, from all natural products and can even fragrance them to many different types of scents.

    Considering many of us never seem to get around to those things we always consider doing like making our own cleaners, would you like to be able to have this products available to you ready made at an affordable price?

    Product is all natural,environmentally friendly, will come in recyclable containers that will be in two sizes a regular and refill large size.
    at this point price will be competitive and affordable, it is just a project so there will be no actual price given.

    Please answer this question, just a yes or a no will do but comments are always welcome good or bad. Thank you no matter what. Just want to make my project and this company a success.

    • ANSWER:
      I might consider using this product but I would want a bit more information on it first. What testing was done on it to make sure that it is environmentally safe? Are the containers it is in recycled? Would I have to wear rubber gloves to use it (allergic to them)? What do you consider “regular” size? Would the cleaner be a multi-purpose cleaner or would I have to buy different products for different jobs? Although you do not mention cost, this would also be a big factor in whether or not I would buy it.

      I hope this helps (you did ask for comments)

      Good Luck with the project.

  30. QUESTION:
    Help me, my project relies upon responses to the information below?
    Help me, i need each and every ones help! Your opinion matters as much as the next person so please do give one to this ad in response to the info below. I am attending St.Lawrence College, and as an assignment have decided to help out a cleaning company. They have started out this year and make their own homemade cleaners, from all natural products and can even fragrance them to many different types of scents.

    Considering many of us never seem to get around to those things we always consider doing like making our own cleaners, would you like to be able to have this products available to you ready made at an affordable price?

    Product is all natural,environmentally friendly, will come in recyclable containers that will be in two sizes a regular and refill large size.
    at this point price will be competitive and affordable, it is just a project so there will be no actual price given.

    Please answer this question, just a yes or a no will do but comments are always welcome good or bad. Thank you no matter what. Just want to make my project and this company a success.

    • ANSWER:
      I make my own cleaners, but to help others make the transition to non toxic or natural cleaners it is easier for them to find things that can fit into their old purchasing habits. So, I would recommend a cleaner that was known to be ecofreindly and was reasonably priced to my friends and family.

  31. QUESTION:
    Why do you NOT do “green”?
    Many people recycle- some. Many people use a few environmentally friendly products. What stops you from being green? Is it convenience? Money? Lack of facilities? Why do you choose disposable plastic bottles over reusable containers? Why do you drive a gas guzzler instead of choosing earth friendlier transportation? As insignificant or petty as it may sound, I want your excuse!
    I’m not preaching… Just looking to gather info and opinions for a report. Please be honest, but please don’t attack. That’s not what this is for….. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I do “green” as far as possible, but some things are really difficult. For example, pretty well all toiletries and shampoo, conditioner etc. are in plastic bottles. (You can buy solid shampoo but it’s expensive.) Much as I detest the mentality of driving twenty miles in a gas guzzler to go to the gym, I worry that people look down on me when I ride my bike, which is a basic one for getting from A to B, not some flash model to show off.

      Let’s face it, recycling, wearing last year’s fashions, driving an old car, being poor, will never be “cool”, and, we are brainwashed into believing that having a lot of disposable income tells the world what wonderful and worthwhile people we are, thus paving the way to the social acceptance we all crave. I wish it were otherwise.

  32. QUESTION:
    What damage can you do overcharging a car’s ac system?
    I added a can of R134 to the AC system because it started blowing warm on a 01 Montero sport, it turned out the ac belt was slipping and not turning the compressor so after it was changed the compressor turned on and off in about 2 second duty cycles. I reconnected the valve to the low pressure side and bled some back into a large catch container being the most environmentally friendly way I could think of. So now at max a/c its on/off cycle is 29 seconds pretty consistently. I don’t have a pressure Gage for exactness but is that about the right run time, or do I need to lower it some more?

    • ANSWER:
      Not sure about your particular automobile, but many have sight gages these days and if so (high pressure side) you add until the little bubbles are no longer there. Too much can cause compressor failure. I have even see people lock the compressor up permanently by overcharge.

  33. QUESTION:
    Disposal of chemicals?
    we bought a house with leftover paints, garden chemicals,oil, and other chemicals in their containers still in it. What’s the best way to dispose of these in an environmentally friendly way?
    Please list websites for reference if you can.

    • ANSWER:
      Contact your town and see if they offer a Hazardous Materials disposal facility for your use. Sometimes cities will have an “amnesty day” where you can bring in your waste materials.

      If not, contact your state department of environmental quality and get them to advise you on where to dispose of the materials properly.

      I would reference some sites if I knew what city/state you lived in.

  34. QUESTION:
    how long will a tuna sandwich last?
    um, i want to make a tuna sandwich to eat at lunch
    im going to use starkist chunk light tuna
    the kind in a can
    and its gonna be made at sometime between 7:30 – 8:00 in the morning
    and lunch starts at 12:15 ish
    um… im using er wheat bread if u need to know?
    and lettuce and tomatoes
    um, no mayo
    i wonder if thats a weird sandwich
    oh well
    um, thats about it
    its gonna be sitting in my backpack
    possibly in a plastic bag, or to be environmentally friendly
    in a “tupperware container”
    um, yeah, so will it still taste ok at lunch?
    er… be ok?

    • ANSWER:
      I would put the tuna itself in a separate baggy/compartment, away from the bread, same goes with tomato and lettuce. This way, you can assemble it all at Lunch without the bread getting soggy, and it will taste much better; more fresh.

      But it will be ok to eat, like you won’t get food poisoning, it just won’t taste as good as when it’s fresh.

  35. QUESTION:
    I need advise???????????????
    I want to build a bike trailer out of PVC pipe. i will be using about 15% salvaged materials and will be using it to haul everything from groceries to empty drink containers.( it’s sort of a little micro-buisness i have , i collect empties from local homes homes and buisness, as well as sides of roads, trashcans and dumpsters.Don’t laugh. i made 2 last month.what i was wondering is in your opinion, does the use of PVC out weigh the extra amounts of empties that will be recycled? i think I am pretty environmentally friendly! just want your opinion!

    • ANSWER:
      I think it would be best to use recycled pvc, then you are not adding to the production of the stuff. I mean, if it is in the dumpster, you are rescuing it from the landfill. Right? Good luck with your business, I think it is great.

  36. QUESTION:
    Will you consider the environment when buying a Valentine’s Card?
    It is thought that using recycled paper and card is beneficial for the environment, some greetings cards are produced using partially or all recycled materials, however, during this process many chemicals are used to bleach the card to a commercially attractive white, and also there is the journey this recycled card makes around the globe before ending up on the shelf of a high street store.

    Billions of tonnes of recycled card, and finished greetings cards, are produced in Eastern countries, and is shipped in containers across the seas to the UK, belching out C02 into the atmosphere as the boats that are used burn fossil fuel. The majority of these vessels are decades old, and were not built in a time of environmental conscience, so they are not efficient and run on the planet’s dwindling fossil fuels.

    The greetings cards and recycled paper pulp to make greetings cards arrive in the UK in containers and are then offloaded onto diesel lorries. The greetings cards are driven the length and the breadth of the UK to distribution depots, which unpack the containers, and reload onto vans and lorries to distribute to high street shops and supermarkets.

    The most popular annual occasions being Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day and Fathers Day, when these dates pass, the cards are taken off the shelves. Many stores are on a sale or return agreement, so back to the East they go, packed back into containers, and returned to the recycling plant, and the cycle starts all over again.

    Consider the benefits of buying FSC accredited card, from sustainable sources, where trees are planted and replaced as the felling takes place. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is founded on inclusive and shared responsibility for setting high social, environmental and economic standards for forest management. This type of card arrives in the UK in huge sheets on pallets and is stored when it arrives at a printing company. There is no need for further distribution by road and rail.

    As websites and technology continually improve, many greetings card orders are taken online. Consumers take advantage of software that enables consumers to personalise a card, as opposed to a mass-produced card on a rack in a store with the same stock design. Personalisation has reached new levels, with photo upload, and image manipulation allowing any text to appear in thousands of designs on file. In this way the consumer has the freedom to create a keepsake card which is unique to them.

    When the order is placed, the design is sent to the printers that print to order. Sheets are printed, cut and folded, and best of all, no waste is produced. The card is then sent direct to the recipient using the UK’s most efficient postal service, the Royal Mail.

    So this year when you are browsing for a Valentine’s card in a high street shop, take a moment to consider whether you would benefit from using an online personalised greetings card company like www.funkypigeon.com. This website has a print on demand ordering system producing personalised cards, posters and calendars which are environmentally friendly and also offer the consumer total control when designing a card online.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes – I’ll be considering the environment – I won’t be wasting my money on such a silly American invention! ! !

  37. QUESTION:
    Which statement about world population growth is most accurate?
    Which statement about world population growth is most accurate?
    A.The world’s population slowly grew to 1 billion by around 1800 and grew faster and faster over the next 200 years.
    B.The world’s population was stable at 1 billion until the last 50 years, when the Green Revolution allowed it to grow to 6.5 billion.
    C.The fastest growing populations are in industrialized Europe and the U.S., while poor developing countries are shrinking.
    D.World population reached over 3 billion in the Roman Empire, but sank to less than 1 billion during the Middle Ages.
    2.Which statement about people in industrialized Europe and the U.S. is NOT correct?
    A.People are living longer on average, thanks to good sanitation and health care.
    B.Many people postpone starting a family in order to get college degrees.
    C.The governments usually offer generous benefits to couples for not having children.
    D.People in these countries usually have access to affordable birth control.
    3.The economist Thomas Malthus wrote that the human population would _its food supply and
    A.always increase; keep on growing
    B.outgrow; suffer mass starvation
    C.always match; stay at the same level
    D.genetically engineer; survive into the 25th century
    4.What is the Green Revolution?
    A.Demonstrations in Bolivia about the high cost of water
    B.The effect of plants on the global CO2 level
    C.The growing movement to recycle and use organic and environmentally friendly materials
    D.Advances in farming methods and technology since 1940
    5.Which statement about neo-Malthusians is correct?
    A.They believe that the Earth has too many people and not enough resources to support them.
    B.They believe that the free market and innovation will find cheap solutions or substitutes for all scarce materials.
    C.They believe that climate change is caused by sunspots and not by human activities.
    D.They believe that the Internet always makes societies more democratic.
    6.The economist Julian Simon bet in 1980 that the prices of five free traded commodities would ____ in ten years. In 1990 Simon ___ this bet against the neo-Malthusian Paul Ehrlich.
    A.rise; won
    B.drop; won
    C.rise; lost
    D.drop; lost
    7.Which statement is NOT a reason why container ships are better than loose-loaded ships?
    A.Container ships can be loaded and unloaded in far less time.
    B.Ports can move more goods in a day; ships can transport more goods in the same amount of time.
    C.Containers allow small merchants to send tiny amounts of goods more easily.
    D.Because containers are standard sizes, cranes and machines can do the unloading quickly.
    8.Which is NOT an example of a protectionist trade policy?
    A.Placing a quota on the number of cars that Japan can sell in the U.S.
    B.Encouraging foreign companies to import their products to the U.S.
    C.Making foreign farmers pay a 160% tariff on peanuts imported into the U.S.
    D.Giving money to U.S. dairy farmers to make sure they get a guaranteed income, even if the price of milk is low
    9.Giving money to U.S. dairy farmers to make sure they get a guaranteed income, even if the price of milk is low
    A.quota
    B.Free Trade Agreement
    C.WTO
    D.protectionist policy
    10.This organization’s main mission is to promote global trade by getting rid of tariffs and other trade barriers.
    A.The WTO
    B.The NGO
    C.The UN
    DThe Kyoto Protocol
    11.Which is NOT a common criticism leveled against the World Trade Organization?
    A.Poor nations are obliged to change their laws to fit WTO rulings or face economic ruin.
    B.The organization is run by the rich for the rich.
    C.A nation can be denied membership if its gross domestic product falls below a limit set by the WTO.
    D.The WTO is not accountable to the people and its decision-making process is kept private.
    12.Why do rulers of China, Myanmar/Burma, and Cuba censor Internet use?
    A.To protect their citizens from Internet predators.
    B.To prevent dissident groups from communicating and coordinating political strategies to topple their repressive regimes.
    C.To prevent their citizens from becoming Westernized.
    D.No answer is correct.

    • ANSWER:
      D.

  38. QUESTION:
    organic chemistry question. 10 points for best answer show me how smart you are?
    GREEN COMMENTS: The original procedure (reference #1 above) called for boiling the two reactants in toluene (B.P. 110 oC). That is a classical way to run Diels-Alder reactions, since most of them require quite a bit of heat in order to react. We did not want to use toluene in the lab, so we sought a greener procedure. Hendrix alumna Courtney Rogers worked with Dr. Goodwin to develop a much more environmentally friendly procedure as described below. The procedure is run on a small scale, and requires no solvent at all. The only energy required is from you, and since your energy ultimately comes from the sun, you will be using a renewable energy source for this green reaction.

    AN ASYMPTOTIC APPROACH TO A PERFECT GREEN REACTION: This experiment illustrates a highly stereoselective reaction sequence that allows not only a discussion of Diels-Alder reaction characteristics, but also a review of nucleophilic acyl substitution. Wender and Miller stated: “The ideal synthesis may be defined as one in which the target molecule is prepared from readily available starting materials in one, simple, safe, environmentally-acceptable, and resource-effective operation that proceeds quickly and in quantitative yield” (Wender, P. A.; Miller, B. L. Toward the Ideal Synthesis: Connectivity Analysis and Multibond-Forming Processes. In Organic Synthesis: Theory and Applications; Hudlicky, T., Ed.; Jai Press: Greenwich, 1993; pp 27-66). This experiment approaches that ideal. The facile intramolecular nucleophilic acyl substitution illustrates the relative nucleophilicity of an alcohol versus a carboxylic acid. It also exemplifies a principle enunciated by the late R. B. Woodward: “We all know that enforced propinquity often leads one to greater intimacy” (Woodward, R. B., as quoted in Sharpless, K. B. Chem. Brit. 1986, 22, 38-44). That is, the higher probabilities of collision and favorable entropy change for intramolecular processes lead to more favorable reactions.

    UN-GREEN COMMENTS: CAUTION, (E,E)-2,4-hexadien-1-ol (the diene) and maleic anhydride are skin irritants and irritating to the mucus membranes. Maleic anhydride is toxic. Wear eye protection; wear gloves; avoid breathing the compounds or skin contact; don’t scratch your skin or eyes with your gloves; carry out the reaction and isolation in the hood; dispose of waste in the designated containers; wash your hands immediately after lab.

    BE SURE TO DRAW THE STRUCTURES FOR THE REACTION EQUATION AT THE TOP OF YOUR NOTEBOOK WRITE-UP. YOU SHOULD WRITE THE MOLECULAR FORMULA AND MOLECULAR WEIGHT UNDER EACH STRUCTURE. YOU SHOULD CALCULATE THE NUMBER OF MOLES OF EACH REACTANT. YOU SHOULD CALCULATE THE THEORETICAL YIELD (IN GRAMS OR MILLIGRAMS) FOR THE PRODUCT.

    Procedure:

    1. Preparation: Using an automatic pipet, carefully put 120 L of (E,E)-2,4-hexadien-1-ol (density 0.871 g/mL) into the bottom of a clean, dry, tared 10 mL beaker (that is, you want to know the weight of the empty beaker). [Note: The diene has a melting point of 32 oC. If you should find it solidified, contact a lab assistant and we can melt it with gentle heating from a “heat gun”.] NOTE: THE DIENE MAY TEND TO BE A BIT VISCOUS—GIVE IT TIME TO ENTER AND EXIT THE AUTOPIPET TIP! Now add 100 mg of finely powdered, solid maleic anyhydride to the same beaker (NOTE: we’ll have it powdered for you already). Use the small end of a clean, dry metal spatula to vigorously, continuously, and thoroughly mix and stir the mixture until complete liquefaction and resolidification occur. (Try to avoid getting the mixture any higher up on the sides of the beaker than necessary.) Watch closely at the changes in texture and appearance that the mixture undergoes, and write good observations in your notebook. At this point you will have a white solid. This will take about 10-15 minutes. After solidification is complete, use a second spatula if necessary to scrape the solid off the first spatula into the beaker. Weigh the beaker so that you can get the mass of the product.

    2. Finishing up: Take a melting point (reported to be 159-161 oC). Do the normal calculations (limiting reagent, theoretical yield, percentage yield, atom economy, e-factor estimate) for the procedure.
    IPKyourbrain just because you stupid and don’t know the answer does not mean i right.

    • ANSWER:
      Way too much useless information…

      There is no satisfactory way to draw any molecular reactions in non-fixed-width fonts. Suffice to say that you place the three C=C double bonds in a hexagon with the rest pointing away, then start to flip the double bonds around (clockwise or counter clockwise, doesn’t matter) so you get five single bonds and a double bond between the former two double bonds of the hexadienol.

      The mass of the hexadienol is 120 uL * 0.871 g/ml (in mg).
      To get the moles, divide by the molar mass (in g/mol), giving you a result in millimoles.
      The hexadienol has the sum formula C6OH10. Depending on the demanded accuracy, this makes the molar mass 6*12 g/mol + 16 g/mol +10*1 g/mol = 98 g/mol.

      Wikipedia gives you all the facts for maleic anhydride. Calculate the millimoles by dividing the 100 mg by the molar mass.

      For calculating the theoretical yield, take the lower of the two moles, and multiply with the molar mass of the product (the sum of the educts).

      Actual yield will differ. When melting the hexadienol first, you are likely to get a lower density. Probably better to weigh the result of the pipetting rather than rely on the theoretical calculation above, after all you already tared the beaker before. Recalculate the moles for the actual mass.

      You can make your life a bit easier by getting the mass of your stirring spatula, and weigh both beaker and spatula with the product. Since there are evaporations to be expected, the mass at the end of the experiment ought to be the same as at the start. A rise in mass will indicate that atmospheric water was attracted. A loss of mass will indicate a decarboxylation reaction.

      Expect the melting point to deviate from the value in literature – you have no cleaning step in your experiment, so any unreacted educt will remain in the mixture.

  39. QUESTION:
    What is wrong with leaving Latina women and children water didn’t the statue of libery say come?
    Border activists who want to put water bottles on a Southern Arizona wildlife refuge have gotten to the negotiating table with federal officials this summer, but it hasn’t been easy getting there.

    Agents in the Fish and Wildlife Department have ticketed 15 activists for putting water out on the Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge west of Arivaca, a location where many illegal immigrants cross the U.S.-Mexico border.

    Two members of the No More Deaths and Samaritans organizations already have been tried and convicted of federal littering charges. On Wednesday, 13 activists declined plea bargains on their littering citations and face trial Nov. 10 in U.S. District Court.

    The 13 were arrested in July, the month after activist Walt Staton was convicted, and the mass arrest seems to have upped the ante. The groups won a meeting in Washington, D.C., with Interior Secretary Ken Salazar later that month and have met two more times since with local officials, and have a third meeting scheduled for Thursday.

    Refuge manager Mike Hawkes said, “we’re going to work with them to come up with a permit to (put water out) in an environmentally friendly way, without leaving plastic bottles all over the place.”

    The problem is that the refuge, which covers five miles of the Mexico border and is about 25 miles north and south along migrant trails, is traversed by an estimated 30,000 illegal immigrants a year. That is down from the estimated annual traffic of 300,000 several years ago, but still averages at least 80 a day.

    Hawkes said the plastic bottles left by humanitarians are picked up by migrants along the trails, which are well-known. Then they are dropped, often in remote locations, and can threaten already endangered animal species because plastic breaks into shards and animals can eat or step on the plastic. He said if the activists could lock water containers to trees, for examples, migrants would refill their own empty jugs rather then throw them away, and activists could refill the containers along the trails.

    In a press conference after the court hearing, defendant Leesa Jacobson said the charge of littering was “bogus” because the activists remove bags of litter whenever they visit the refuge and only leave jugs of water.

    The other defendants are Ed McCullough, Joseph David Hill, Jeff Millsap, Paula McPheeters, Jimmy McPherson, the Rev. John Fife, the Rev. Gene Lefebvre, Corinne Bancroft, Charles Rooney, Maureen Marx, Louis Martin and the Rev. Jerome Zawada.

    The activists do not dispute putting the water jugs on the land, but said they were only leaving clean water for illegal immigrants as a humanitarian action because nearly 200 immigrants have died this year in the Southern Arizona desert. They say federal immigration policy has funneled immigrants into the dangerous Arizona desert and that government agencies are allowing migrants to die for lack of water.

    http://www.gvnews.com/articles/2009/09/04/news/66water.txt

    • ANSWER:
      The fact that saving lives is against the law is seriously messed up.

      Humanitarian Aid is Never a Crime.

  40. QUESTION:
    I am typing something for school and don’t know what this means?
    I am 12, a girl and need a science and technology current event article for school and I found one and it is called “A More Environmentally Friendly Way to Transport Goods.” and in the article it says “There are currently about 26m containers in the world, and the volume of goods they carry has risen from 13.5m “twenty-foot equivalent units” in 1980 to almost 140m today.”

    My questions is, what does this mean? What does 26m mean? Please answer both of these questions in 12 year old words please, im very confused. I need to get a good grade. Thanks.

    http://www.economist.com/sciencetechnology/tm/displayStory.cfm?story_id=15174518

    here is the website if you need to read some part to help me thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      OK, here is what it means:

      First… we are talking about “Ocean Containers”… and they can be called “Sea Containers.” Take a look here:

      http://www.miami-ocean-cargo.com/stockxpertcom_id749141_size1.jpg

      And here to see how they are transported:

      http://chinaproppant.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/ocean_containers_8_by_pbo31.100233016_std.jpg

      These containers come in a standard size and that is 20′

      That’s right 20 feet long. It has been a standard for a long time. It is 20 foot long by 8 feet wide. And they are 9 feet high. So they are real big.

      This was a good size to fit on big trucks and trains. One day a guy said, “Let’s make some 40 feet long.” So these containers can hold twice as much, but will only fit on large boats.

      Since everything was priced in 20′ long containers, they would tell the customer that, let’s say for example, his shipment would take four 20′ containers. That is what the customer would hear, but they would really only use two 40′ containers, since two would hold the same amount of stuff.

      So it has now become a standard to say “twenty-foot equivalent units.” They also call it TEU for twenty-foot equivalent units.

      In fact today they have 40′, 45′ and even 53′ containers. But they still measure them in TEU’s.

      So now that you know that, here is what your article is saying:

      “There are currently about 26m containers in the world” it means there are 26 million containers of all kinds of different sizes in the world today.

      Now they are talking about something a little different… by the way, this is confusing to an adult as well as a 12 year old since the story is not laid out very well.

      Now they said, in the old days (1980) they use to transport 13.5 million TEU’s.

      They leave to reader to believe that 26 million containers were around in 1980 too, but that isn’t true since in 2005 there were only 18 million.

      So they are really saying that from 1980 to Today, they have increased the shipping from 13.5 million TEUs to 140 million TEUs. That’s more than 10 times the amount of stuff shipped by container since 30 years ago.
      =========
      Edit:

      BTW, the website looks great. That is a great subject that you picked. At 12 you should be idealistic (like the rest of us were) and it looks like a great savings.

      But like the article says they will have to “tool up” (my words) for building new containers and that is expensive, a totally different way of building things, hence they will have to go somewhere else for the container building… iow, the way they are being made now requires a lot of welders that will never be needed for fiberglass.

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the next step?
    what else can I do to be more environmentally friendly/green/reduce my carbon footprint?
    I already do all of the fallowing, but I am wanting to do more and I don’t know what the next step is.

    *Recycle, everything that can be. I do NOT compost (it is impossible for me to where I live).
    *Use biodegradable/plant based/homemade household cleaning products.
    *Use natural/organic personal care products
    *Reduce my waist by using; reusable bags, food storage containers, cups (coffee cups & water bottles), cloth napkins, ect…
    *But organic or locally grown/produced food products whenever posable.
    *TRING to reduce the amount of plastics I use/buy.
    *Replacing all my light bulbs w/ energy efficient ones, and as I need knew appliances I buy energy star ones. I don’t use a dishwasher and I am not going to replace my microwave (I never use it).
    *I don’t use my air/ heat when I don’t need it, and keep my thermostat at reasonable temps to use less energy. Try to conserve water In any way I can.
    -I am looking into “Green Energy”, and I am going to start line drying some of my cloths.

    I’m sorry I know that this is a long list. So what is my next step.
    thanks
    Oh I forgot, I am not a vegetarian, but I have reduced the amount of meat I cook quite a bit, and I make a few vegetarian meals a week.

    • ANSWER:
      What you’re already doing sounds great! if everyone lived that way, the world would be a much better place :)

      One thing I can add is that microwaves actually use less energy than ovens. And many foods are easily adjusted to be prepared using a microwave instead of the conventional method. And dishwashers are more energy efficient than washing dishes by hand. According to treehugger.com, the dishwasher uses half the energy and one-sixth of the water, and less soap too.

      Unplugging appliances when you’re not using them is another good way to help the environment and reduce your energy bill. And shutting down your computer, turning off the tv, turning off lights, etc.

      One thing that is hard for me, but I’m working on, is taking shorter showers. It’s amazing how much water is used while people take showers. I think it’s something like the average shower head uses 2.5 gallons a minute, so a 10 minute shower (which is pretty short for me) would use 25 gallons of water. 25 gallons a day, that’s a lot!

      I also think it’s really good that you’re reducing the amount of meat you cook. Being a vegetarian is great, but even just cutting back on meat is way more than most Americans are willing to do.

  42. QUESTION:
    How do eco villages dispose of medical waste?
    I’m thinking about spending time at an eco village to learn about integrated living.

    One of the warnings they gave though is to not bring anything with disposable plastic containers to the site because they don’t want trash to stack up anywhere near the community.

    That I can understand, but I can’t help but think about another necessary evil: medical waste.

    I mean, if somebody hurt themselves while on site and needed bandages, how are those to be disposed of? Because once used they’re neither recyclable nor hygienic, but there’s no landfill to send them to. And what about garbage people normally produce even when they’re not sick? Like hairs that fall off the head while showering, razor blades, tissues used to wipe one’s nose, baby diapers, and feminine hygiene pads or tampons? Because I’d imagine that these, and particularly razor blades and bandages, aren’t items that you can just throw into a compost heap due to contamination potential.

    When I tried looking up disposal information in Google, most sources say that they get incinerated. But incineration is usually a municipal facility, which costs a lot of energy and produces a lot of carbon footprint. I’d imagine that the DIY equivalent would be to burn them in the backyard, but that doesn’t sound very environmentally friendly either.

    I’m hoping at least that they won’t make me take home soiled feminine pads. But honestly, how do permanent residents of these eco villages deal with such waste in a way that is consistent with their green or sustainable philosophy?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m thinking about spending time at an eco village to learn about integrated living.

      One of the warnings they gave though is to not bring anything with disposable plastic containers to the site because they don’t want trash to stack up anywhere near the community.

      That I can understand, but I can’t help but think about another necessary evil: medical waste.

      I mean, if somebody hurt themselves while on site and needed bandages, how are those to be disposed of? Because once used they’re neither recyclable nor hygienic, but there’s no landfill to send them to. And what about garbage people normally produce even when they’re not sick? Like hairs that fall off the head while showering, razor blades, tissues used to wipe one’s nose, baby diapers, and feminine hygiene pads or tampons? Because I’d imagine that these, and particularly razor blades and bandages, aren’t items that you can just throw into a compost heap due to contamination potential.

      When I tried looking up disposal information in Google, most sources say that they get incinerated. But incineration is usually a municipal facility, which costs a lot of energy and produces a lot of carbon footprint. I’d imagine that the DIY equivalent would be to burn them in the backyard, but that doesn’t sound very environmentally friendly either.

  43. QUESTION:
    if there was an ecologically sound, packaging-free supermarket in your area, would you use it?
    i.e. one where you brought in your old coffee jars, detergent bottles, egg boxes, washing powder boxes etc etc and had them filled up. It wouldn’t sell everything, but most of what you need. If you had no container, it would be supplied in a paper bag, or in a container you could re-use next time. Products would be the same trusted brand names that are sold everywhere else, not cheaper, inferior versions.
    Please answer honestly as I’m opening this shop next year, and this is my paper-free, environmentally friendly market research!

    • ANSWER:
      If you are going to sell branded items then you are not environmentally sound for a start…many big food manufacturers don’t give a monkeys about the planet…its all in the profit ,that is why they have done little to reduce the amount of packaging for a start and the ingredients used are from global sources.If you want to open a truly environmentally sound shop the the products you sell have to be produced in a way that has minimal impact.If your shop sold…..
      Locally produced fruit and veg
      Locally produced meat
      Locally produced dairy products
      Environmentally friendly household products only
      and preferably all organic with not a plastic carton or carrier bag in site then I would use a shop like that..I think its needed in today’s market.
      Did you watch the Tesco documentary…scary stuff!

  44. QUESTION:
    The “greennss” of pesticides…?
    What are the physical and chemical properties of pesticides? (colour, state, etc.)
    What are the uses of pesticides?
    Which aspect of the product makes it problematic to humans or the environment? (e.g. disposal, product itself, its container, the disposal of pesticides etc.)
    What is an alternative to pesticides? How environmentally friendly is your alternative?

    • ANSWER:
      pesticides keep the pest from coming. too much pest is bad.

  45. QUESTION:
    Was it disrespectful to trash the National Mall on inauguration day?
    Obama supporters threw 130,000 tons of trash on the ground. The National Mall is as close to sacred as any property in this nation gets. Porta potties were turned over, Condoms littered the ground, People threw cups all over the ground. This is a disgrace! What efforts would it take for people to carry their trash to a recycle bin or trash container? Was sexual acts in public necessary?
    People obviously mistook the inauguration as Woodstock.
    Obama’s Speech mentioned picking ourselves up and dusting ourselves off but his followers and supporters can’t even clean up after themselves! Is this what we have to look forward to for the next 4 years? Liberal democrats claim to be greener and more environmentally friendly and they left more trash behind than the hippies who attended Woodstock did!
    To anyone doubting my numbers were correct it was 130,000 tons and not pounds! Read a portion of the Washington posts story here.

    “Washington trash trucks hauled away at least 130 tons of garbage after the inauguration of President Obama, with more to go. National Park Service workers picked up almost 100 tons on the Mall and near the White House. ”

    • ANSWER:
      HYPOCRITES AND LAZY

      http://newsbusters.org/blogs/noel-sheppard/2009/01/22/why-cant-eco-conscious-liberals-clean-after-themselves

  46. QUESTION:
    Can a vehicle be modified to store the exhaust fumes in solid form? So there are in effect no emissions?
    Is it possible to modify the exhaust system of vehicles so that the emissions don’t get ejected into the atmosphere, but instead are redirected into a container built into the exhaust system, perhaps in compressed or solid form, so that the resulting “brick” can be disposed of in an environmentally friendly way?
    Thanks for the replies so far (1st 3). I would like a bit more detail from the chap who suggested that systems like this are possible. Does anyone know whether something like this has been attempted? Are there any prototypes out there?

    • ANSWER:
      Contrary to what the first poster said, yes this can be done. And without a huge trailer. I can’t go into too much detail, but watch what the large (semi) truck and construction equipment manufacturers are doing. The EPA has put ultra stringent regulations on anything diesel, and the new emissions systems that they are going to be introducing are going to be very similar to that, except that you will not “dispose” of them in the manner you are probably thinking.

  47. QUESTION:
    Using the Obama administration argument, what’s to stop the govt. from mandating we buy “green” products?
    The argument the justice dept is using to defend this bill is eerily similar to the way they defend their ability to wage the U.S. Federal War on Drugs (another overreach by the federal govt. into the private lives of U.S. citizens based on a dubious interpretation of the commerce clause)

    It would seem this interpretation basically gives the federal govt. unlimited power as long as they think it’s for the common good. (So I guess we can go ahead and delete the 10th amendment since it is basically null and void at this point…….) [Car insurance mandates are done at the STATE level......not all state's have them]

    So what if the Fed’s decides not buying green products is adversely affecting the health of other people and mandates you buy environmentally friendly products or face a tax penalty?? This would be a perfectly consistent with the Justice Dept’s argument wouldn’t it??

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100514/ap_on_re_us/us_health_care_challenge;_ylt=AshXkgjJYRGvq79fvc89dR9cr7t_;_ylu=X3oDMTNkdDNzZTJvBGFzc2V0A2FwLzIwMTAwNTE0L3VzX2hlYWx0aF9jYXJlX2NoYWxsZW5nZQRjY29kZQNtb3N0cG9wdWxhcgRjcG9zAzEEcG9zAzEEc2VjA3luX3RvcF9zdG9yaWVzBHNsawNzbWFsbGJ1c2luZXM-#mwpphu-container

    Individuals who refuse to get health insurance will be hit with a tax penalty, although exceptions are allowed for financial hardship and religious reasons. Businesses will also be required to contribute to the cost of their workers’ health insurance, but companies with fewer than 50 employees are exempt.

    The Obama administration argues that the coverage requirements rest on a solid constitutional foundation: the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce.

    But critics say that does not give government the right to direct individuals to purchase a specific good or service.

    The new law allows government “to regulate you just because you exist,” said Danner. “If you can regulate this, where do you stop? Do you tell people, ‘We are going to mandate that everybody exercise?’ We think this is an overreach by the government. It goes too far, and threatens individual freedom.”

    The administration counters that a decision to opt out of health insurance is not merely a matter of personal choice. It has consequences for others, since uninsured people will get sick, or have accidents, and someone must pay for their care if they can’t afford it.

    “Individual decisions to forgo insurance coverage, in the aggregate, substantially affect interstate commerce by shifting costs to health care providers and the public,” Justice Department said this week in legal papers filed in a similar lawsuit in Michigan.
    isis…………Yes, it would seem the Federal Govt. has finally managed to twist the commerce clause into the “unlimited federal power at our discretion clause”

    • ANSWER:
      Given your logic, what’s to stop them from mandating we all wear purple? Oh no! There’s something else to worry about and blame on Obama!

      ##

  48. QUESTION:
    what do you think of my persuasive essay so far ?
    Dear Manager of Applebee’s,
    Did you know that 2/3 of the landfills have been closed down in the last decade? This is from people who are inconsiderate about the environment and the current condition it is. But everyone can do one small and simple task, recycle. Dumping recyclable materials in the trash not only fills the landfills quicker but causes both air and water pollution. You can even save your business money and attract people who are environmental enthusiasts.

    Making recycling second nature for you and your employees will be one of the best choices for your restaurant economically and environmentally. Most people believe that recycling is not worth the extra time spent condensing aluminum cans and cardboard boxes. But in reality the money spent will be more beneficial for you in the long run. When you throw everything away in the dumpster it overfills very quickly and you have to pay a fee for the waste management companies the dispose of your trash. But when you recycle the glass, cardboard and paper products that usually contribute to filling up your dumpster will in the recycling container, therefore this required fee will be less frequent than when you don’t recycle. Also after you start to recycle customers that care about the environment will notice that your business is Eco-friendly and will want to eat at your restaurant over others that don’t recycle. You can also attract even more customers if you used other materials than Styrofoam boxes for leftover food, this is actually one of the top items that contribute to filling up landfills in the U.S. So recycle it will only add more publicity to your restaurant and even save you money that is now being wasted by paying a constant garbage collection fee.

    Did you know that an estimated 12 million barrels of oil is used annually to make plastic bags just for American consumption. Sadly many of these plastic bags, Styrofoam containers and paper products end up other places than just the landfills. Places like forests and other natural areas are found littered with non-renewable resources that take up to decades to decompose and some even end up harming native animals and plants. This is becoming too much of an issue, actually it’s such a big issue that humans are having to take action in cleaning up the waste and pollutants that end up in these areas. The earth is suffering from people that are just simply throwing away everything, that is why you must take initiative. Humans are throwing so much plastic away industries have to make more and more, which is leading to increased air and water pollution. This must be stopped but the only way to save are planet from ourselves is if everyone recycles, so team up with mother nature and recycle.

    • ANSWER:
      No manager of a chain restaurant is going to read past the first paragraph, and if one did, there would be little he/she could do to change Applebees corporate policies.